Why is an MD5 hash created by Python different from one created using echo and md5sum in the shell?

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A Python MD5 hash is different than the one created by the md5sum command on the shell. Why?

>>> import hashlib
>>> h = hashlib.md5()
>>> h.update("mystringforhash")
>>> print h.hexdigest()
86b6423cb6d211734fc7d81bbc5e11d3 # Result from Python

$ echo mystringforhash | md5sum
686687dd68c5de717b34569dbfb8d3c3  - # Result on the shell

echo appends a \n since you usually do not want lines not ending with a linebreak in your shell (it looks really ugly if the prompt does not start at the very left).
Use the -n argument to omit the trailing linebreak and it will print the same checksum as your python script:

> echo -n mystringforhash | md5sum
86b6423cb6d211734fc7d81bbc5e11d3  -

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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