Using hashlib to compute md5 digest of a file in Python 3

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With python 2.7 the following code computes the mD5 hexdigest of the content of a file.

(EDIT: well, not really as answers have shown, I just thought so).

import hashlib

def md5sum(filename):
    f = open(filename, mode="rb")
    d = hashlib.md5()
    for buf in f.read(128):
        d.update(buf)
    return d.hexdigest()

Now if I run that code using python3 it raise a TypeError Exception:

    d.update(buf)
TypeError: object supporting the buffer API required

I figured out that I could make that code run with both python2 and python3 changing it to:

def md5sum(filename):
    f = open(filename, mode="r")
    d = hashlib.md5()
    for buf in f.read(128):
        d.update(buf.encode())
    return d.hexdigest()

Now I still wonder why the original code stopped working. It seems that when opening a file using the binary mode modifier it returns integers instead of strings encoded as bytes (I say that because type(buf) returns int). Is this behavior explained somewhere ?

I think you wanted the for-loop to make successive calls to f.read(128). That can be done using iter() and functools.partial():

import hashlib
from functools import partial

def md5sum(filename):
    with open(filename, mode="rb") as f:
        d = hashlib.md5()
        for buf in iter(partial(f.read, 128), b''):
            d.update(buf)
    return d.hexdigest()

print(md5sum('utils.py'))

for buf in f.read(128):
  d.update(buf)

.. updates the hash sequentially with each of the first 128 bytes values of the file. Since iterating over a bytes produces int objects, you get the following calls which cause the error you encountered in Python3.

d.update(97)
d.update(98)
d.update(99)
d.update(100)

which is not what you want.

Instead, you want:

def md5sum(filename):
  with open(filename, mode="rb") as f:
    d = hashlib.md5()
    while True:
      buf = f.read(4096) # 128 is smaller than the typical filesystem block
      if not buf:
        break
      d.update(buf)
    return d.hexdigest()

I finally changed my code to the version below (that I find easy to understand) after asking the question. But I will probably change it to the version suggested by Raymond Hetting unsing functools.partial.

import hashlib

def chunks(filename, chunksize):
    f = open(filename, mode="rb")
    buf = "Let's go"
    while len(buf):
        buf = f.read(chunksize)
        yield buf

def md5sum(filename):
    d = hashlib.md5()
    for buf in chunks(filename, 128):
        d.update(buf)
    return d.hexdigest()


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