[Solved] tsc is not recognized as internal or external command

I updated from VSCode 0.10.6 to 0.10.8, and tried using Typescript for the first time. Unfortunately I when I tell VSCode to build, I get the error:

tsc is not a recognized as an internal or external command…

Here are the relevant details:

  • I created a fresh “HelloWorld” project according to VS Code instructions. This included:
    • I ran npm init for a new package.json
    • I ran npm i --save-dev typescript because I want a local install, rather than a global install.
    • I created a launch.json to define a node.js project.
    • I created the tasks.json file, with prescribed settings for tsc.
  • I have made a settings.json file, as shown here. It did not help.
  • I do have Visual Studio 2015 Community installed, but I have not installed a Typescript extension of any kind. When I type “where tsc” at a developer command prompt, it replies “could not find”. I assume this is a good thing.

I have restarted VSCode (several times). What am I missing? What more must be done?

Update

I tried the solution offered by @zlumer. It succeeded in making the typescript compiler run, but then it caused thousands of errors to appear. To fix that, I also had to adjust my tsconfig.json to exclude the node_modules folder:

"exclude": [
    "node_modules"
]

Solution #1:

The problem is that tsc is not in your PATH if installed locally.

You should modify your .vscode/tasks.json to include full path to tsc.

The line to change is probably equal to "command": "tsc".

You should change it to "command": "node" and add the following to your args: "args": ["${workspaceRoot}node_modulestypescriptbintsc"] (on Windows).

This will instruct VSCode to:

  1. Run NodeJS (it should be installed globally).
  2. Pass your local Typescript installation as the script to run.

(that’s pretty much what tsc executable does)

Are you sure you don’t want to install Typescript globally? It should make things easier, especially if you’re just starting to use it.

Respondent: zlumer

Solution #2:

There might be a reason that Typescript is not installed globally, so install it

npm install -g typescript // installs typescript globally

If you want to convert .ts files into .js, do this as per your need

tsc path/file.ts // file.ts will be converted to file.js
tsc              // all .ts files will be converted to .js files with in the directory
tsc --watch      // converts all .ts files to .js, and watch changes in .ts files
Respondent: WasiF

Solution #3:

For windows

After installing typescript globally

npm install typescript -g 

just search for “node.js command prompt”

type in command promt

tsc -v 

Here we can see tsc command works, now navigate to your folder and type

tsc filename.ts 

its complies ts to js file.

Respondent: Ashutosh Jha

Solution #4:

You need to run:

npx tsc

…rather than just calling tsc own its on like a Windows command as everyone else seems to be suggesting.

If you don’t have npx installed then you should. It should be installed globally (unlike Typescript). So first run:

npm install -g npx

..then run npx tsc.

Respondent: MSOACC

Solution #5:

In the VSCode file tasks.json, the "command": "tsc" will try to find the tsc windows command script in some folder that it deems to be your modules folder.

If you know where the command npm install -g typescript or npm install typescript is saving to, I would recommend replacing:

"command": "tsc"

with

"command": "D:ProjectsTSTutorialnode_modules.bintsc"

where D:...bin is the folder that contains my tsc windows executable

Will determine where my vscode is natively pointing to right now to find the tsc and fix it I guess.

Respondent: dropbeardan

Solution #6:

You have missed typescript installation, just run below command and then try tsc –init

npm install -g typescript
Respondent: Virendra khade

Solution #7:

tsc is not recognized as internal or external command

As mentioned in another answer this is because tsc is not present in path.

1. Install as global package

To make TypeScript compiler available to all directories for this user, run the below command:

npm install -g typescript

You will see something similar to

C:UsersusernameAppDataRoaming
pm sserver -> C:UsersusernameAppDataRoaming
pm
ode_modules ypescriptin sserver
C:UsersusernameAppDataRoaming
pm sc -> C:UsersusernameAppDataRoaming
pm
ode_modules ypescriptin sc
+ [email protected]
added 1 package from 1 contributor in 4.769s

2. Set the environment variable

  • Add the npm installation folder to your “user variables” AND
    “environment variables”.

  • In windows you can add environment variable PATH with value

    C:UsersusernameAppDataRoaming
    pm

i.e. wherever the npm installation folder is present.

Note: If multiple Paths are present separate them with a ;(semicolon)

If the below command gives the version then you have successfully installed

tsc --version
Respondent: Keegs

Solution #8:

One more scenario of this error:

Install typescript locally and run the command without npm run

First, it is important to notice this is a “general” terminal error (Even if you write hello bla.js -or- wowowowow index.js):

enter image description here

“hello world” example of this error:

  1. You install typescript locally (without -g) ==> npm install typescript.
    https://docs.npmjs.com/downloading-and-installing-packages-locally
  2. In this case tsc commands available if you run npm run inside your local project. For example: npm run tsc -v:

enter image description here

-or- install typescript globally (Like other answer mention).

Respondent: Ezra Siton

Solution #9:

Me too faced the same problem. Use nodeJS command prompt instead of windows command prompt.

Step 1: Execute the npm install -g typescript

Step 2: tsc filename.ts

New file will be create same name and different extension as “.js

Step 3: node filename.js

You can see output in screen. It works for me.

Respondent: Srinivasan.S

Solution #10:

If you want to run the tsc command from the integrated terminal with the TypeScript module installed locally, you can add the following to your .vscodesettings.json file.

{
  "terminal.integrated.env.windows": { "PATH": "${workspaceFolder}node_modules.bin;${env:PATH}" }
}

This will prepend the locally installed node module’s binary/executable directory (where tsc.cmd is located) to the $env.PATH variable.

Respondent: matt.baker

Solution #11:

If none of the above make sense, especially if it used to work previously. Here is my solution: rm -f node_modules and npm i.

My problem was that I ran rm -rf node_modules for a second or so and stopped it. Then I forgot about it and I have also ran npm i. Then I got the tsc not recognized error. So I tried to run npm i to make sure everything is up to date, and it said it it was, which it was not.

Respondent: ZenVentzi

Solution #12:

For me, by running Visual Studio Code as Administrator, the problem is resolved.

Respondent: hoanvd1210

Solution #13:

Alternatively you can use npm which automatically looks into the .bin folder. Then you can use tsc

Respondent: Dirk Bäumer

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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