[Solved] Quadratic and cubic regression in Excel

I have the following information:

  Height    Weight

    170     65
    167     55
    189     85
    175     70
    166     55
    174     55
    169     69
    170     58
    184     84
    161     56
    170     75
    182     68
    167     51
    187     85
    178     62
    173     60
    172     68
    178     55
    175     65
    176     70

I want to construct quadratic and cubic regression analysis in Excel. I know how to do it by linear regression in Excel, but what about quadratic and cubic? I have searched a lot of resources, but could not find anything helpful.

Solution #1:

You need to use an undocumented trick with Excel’s LINEST function:

=LINEST(known_y's, [known_x's], [const], [stats])

Background

A regular linear regression is calculated (with your data) as:

=LINEST(B2:B21,A2:A21)

which returns a single value, the linear slope (m) according to the formula:

enter image description here

which for your data:

enter image description here

is:

enter image description here

Undocumented trick Number 1

You can also use Excel to calculate a regression with a formula that uses an exponent for x different from 1, e.g. x1.2:

enter image description here

using the formula:

=LINEST(B2:B21, A2:A21^1.2)

which for you data:

enter image description here

is:

enter image description here

You’re not limited to one exponent

Excel’s LINEST function can also calculate multiple regressions, with different exponents on x at the same time, e.g.:

=LINEST(B2:B21,A2:A21^{1,2})

Note: if locale is set to European (decimal symbol “,”), then comma should be replaced by semicolon and backslash, i.e. =LINEST(B2:B21;A2:A21^{12})

Now Excel will calculate regressions using both x1 and x2 at the same time:

enter image description here

How to actually do it

The impossibly tricky part there’s no obvious way to see the other regression values. In order to do that you need to:

  • select the cell that contains your formula:

    enter image description here

  • extend the selection the left 2 spaces (you need the select to be at least 3 cells wide):

    enter image description here

  • press F2

  • press Ctrl+Shift+Enter

    enter image description here

You will now see your 3 regression constants:

  y = -0.01777539x^2 + 6.864151123x + -591.3531443

Bonus Chatter

I had a function that I wanted to perform a regression using some exponent:

y = m×xk + b

But I didn’t know the exponent. So I changed the LINEST function to use a cell reference instead:

=LINEST(B2:B21,A2:A21^F3, true, true)

With Excel then outputting full stats (the 4th paramter to LINEST):

enter image description here

I tell the Solver to maximize R2:

enter image description here

And it can figure out the best exponent. Which for you data:

enter image description here

is:

enter image description here

Respondent: Ian Boyd

Solution #2:

I know that this question is a little old, but I thought that I would provide an alternative which, in my opinion, might be a little easier. If you’re willing to add “temporary” columns to a data set, you can use Excel’s Analysis ToolPak?Data Analysis?Regression. The secret to doing a quadratic or a cubic regression analysis is defining the Input X Range:.

If you’re doing a simple linear regression, all you need are 2 columns, X & Y. If you’re doing a quadratic, you’ll need X_1, X_2, & Y where X_1 is the x variable and X_2 is x^2; likewise, if you’re doing a cubic, you’ll need X_1, X_2, X_3, & Y where X_1 is the x variable, X_2 is x^2 and X_3 is x^3. Notice how the Input X Range is from A1 to B22, spanning 2 columns.

Input for Quadratic Regression Analysis in Excel

The following image the output of the regression analysis. I’ve highlighted the common outputs, including the R-Squared values and all the coefficients.

Coefficients of Quadratic Regression Analysis in Excel

Respondent: Michael

Solution #3:

The LINEST function described in a previous answer is the way to go, but an easier way to show the 3 coefficients of the output is to additionally use the INDEX function. In one cell, type: =INDEX(LINEST(B2:B21,A2:A21^{1,2},TRUE,FALSE),1) (by the way, the B2:B21 and A2:A21 I used are just the same values the first poster who answered this used… of course you’d change these ranges appropriately to match your data). This gives the X^2 coefficient. In an adjacent cell, type the same formula again but change the final 1 to a 2… this gives the X^1 coefficient. Lastly, in the next cell over, again type the same formula but change the last number to a 3… this gives the constant. I did notice that the three coefficients are very close but not quite identical to those derived by using the graphical trendline feature under the charts tab. Also, I discovered that LINEST only seems to work if the X and Y data are in columns (not rows), with no empty cells within the range, so be aware of that if you get a #VALUE error.

Respondent: Spanky

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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