[Solved] Python requests SSL error – certificate verify failed

This code

import requests
requests.get("https://hcaidcs.phe.org.uk/WebPages/GeneralHomePage.aspx")

is giving me this error

[SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed (_ssl.c:777)

I know practically nothing about SSL, but I’ve tried downloading the site’s certificate and pointing to that file using the verify option, but it hasn’t worked. Am I missing something?

Enquirer: Oliver

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Solution #1:

As already pointed out in a comment: the site has a bad SSL implementation as can be seen from the SSLLabs report. The main part of this report regarding your problem is:

This server’s certificate chain is incomplete. Grade capped to B.

This means that the server is not sending the full certificate chain as is needed to verify the certificate. This means you need to add the missing certificates yourself when validating. For this you need to include the PEM for the missing chain certificate C=US, O=DigiCert Inc, OU=www.digicert.com, CN=DigiCert SHA2 High Assurance Server CA and also for the root CA C=US, O=DigiCert Inc, OU=www.digicert.com, CN=DigiCert High Assurance EV Root CA info a file my_trust_store.pem and then you can call:

requests.get("https://...", verify='my_trust_store.pem')

… but I’ve tried downloading the site’s certificate and pointing to that file using the verify option

This will not work with normal leaf certificates. Since the SSL stack of Python is based on OpenSSL and OpenSSL expects only trusted certificate authorities in the trust store (i.

e. given with verify) and a server certificate is not CA certificate it will not help to add it to the trust store.

Respondent: Steffen Ullrich
Solution #2:
import requests
html = requests.get("https://hcaidcs.phe.org.uk/WebPages/GeneralHomePage.aspx",verify=False).text

You should write it like this, and I’ve verified it

Respondent: kerberos
The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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