[Solved] Python 2 –> 3: object of type ‘zip’ has no len()

I’m following a tutorial on neural nets1

It’s in Python 2.7. I’m using 3.4. This is the line that troubles me:

if test_data: n_test = len(test_data)

I get: TypeError: object of type 'zip' has no len().

Is there a way to rewrite it so that it works in 3.4?

Enquirer: Ada Stra


Solution #1:

If you know that the iterator is finite:

#NOTE: `sum()` consumes the iterator
n_test = sum(1 for _ in test_data) # find len(iterator)

Or if you know that test_data is always small and a profiler says that the code is the bottleneck in your application then here’s code that might be more efficient for small n_test:

test_data = list(test_data)
n_test = len(test_data)

Unfortunately, operator.length_hint() (Python 3.4+) returns zero for a zip() object. See PEP 0424 — A method for exposing a length hint.

Respondent: jfs

Solution #2:

A bit late now to answer, but in case anyone else stumbles on it: for that same neural net example tutorial, it turned out I had to wrap the 3 zip calls in the mnist_loader with a list(zip(…)) construct:

training_data = list(zip(training_inputs, training_results))
validation_data = list(zip(validation_inputs, va_d[1]))
test_data = list(zip(test_inputs, te_d[1]))

And then it worked.

Respondent: Nicolas Turgeon

Solution #3:

Force the zip() to evaluate.

foo = list(zip(...))

Solution #4:

Some Info

This is because in the Python 3.x, zip returns a generator object. This object is not a list (it’s better) but it behaves like one. You can try iterating through it like this:

for i in zip([1,2,3,4], ['a','b','c','d']):
    print i

The Quick Answer

Please show us the code surrounding where the error happened.
But I think I can still give you a quick (and not necessarily good) solution.

turn this

for i in reversed(range(1, len(x))):

into this:

for i in reversed(range(1, len(list(x))):
Respondent: Samy Bencherif

Solution #5:

In mnist_loader wrap your zip results in list() constructs like below

def load_data_wrapper():    
    tr_d, va_d, te_d = load_data()
    training_inputs = [np.reshape(x, (784,1)) for x in tr_d[0]]
    training_results = [vectorized_result(y) for y in tr_d[1]]
    training_data = list(zip(training_inputs, training_results))
    validation_inputs = [np.reshape(x,(784, 1))for x in va_d[0]]
    validation_data = list(zip(validation_inputs, va_d[1]))
    test_inputs = [np.reshape(x, (784, 1)) for x in te_d[0]]
    test_data = list(zip(test_inputs, te_d[1]))
    return(training_data, validation_data, test_data)
Respondent: Nico Daunt

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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