[Solved] How to parse JSON with VBA without external libraries?

I have a json like below:

{"sentences":[{"trans":"something ru","orig":"english word","translit":"Angliyskoye slovo","src_translit":""}], "src":"en","server_time":69}

and parse it:

Function jsonDecode(jsonString As Variant)
    Set sc = CreateObject("ScriptControl"): sc.Language = "JScript"
    Set jsonDecode = sc.Eval("(" + jsonString + ")")
End Function

Set arr = jsonDecode(txt)

In result arr contains values like below (checked at Watches):

 - sentences (type: Variant/Object/JScriptTypeInfo)
  - 0 (type: Variant/Object/JScriptTypeInfo)
    - orig (type: Variant/String)
    - trans (type: Variant/String)
  - Item 1 (type: Variant/Object/JScriptTypeInfo)
    - orig (type: Variant/String)
    - trans (type: Variant/String)
 - server_time
 - src

arr.src works well, but how can I get arr.sentences(0).trans? Firstly, VBA replaces sentences with Sentences, secondly (when I’ve tried to change the json manually) it still doesn’t allow to use sentenses(0).

Enquirer: LA_


Solution #1:

I’ve found this script example useful (from http://www.mrexcel.com/forum/excel-questions/898899-json-api-excel.html#post4332075 ):

Sub getData()

    Dim Movie As Object
    Dim scriptControl As Object

    Set scriptControl = CreateObject("MSScriptControl.ScriptControl")
    scriptControl.Language = "JScript"

    With CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP")
        .Open "GET", "http://www.omdbapi.com/?t=frozen&y=&plot=short&r=json", False
        Set Movie = scriptControl.Eval("(" + .responsetext + ")")
        With Sheets(2)
            .Cells(1, 1).Value = Movie.Title
            .Cells(1, 2).Value = Movie.Year
            .Cells(1, 3).Value = Movie.Rated
            .Cells(1, 4).Value = Movie.Released
            .Cells(1, 5).Value = Movie.Runtime
            .Cells(1, 6).Value = Movie.Director
            .Cells(1, 7).Value = Movie.Writer
            .Cells(1, 8).Value = Movie.Actors
            .Cells(1, 9).Value = Movie.Plot
            .Cells(1, 10).Value = Movie.Language
            .Cells(1, 11).Value = Movie.Country
            .Cells(1, 12).Value = Movie.imdbRating
        End With
    End With

End Sub
Respondent: July.Tech

Solution #2:

Call me simple but I just declared a Variant and split the responsetext from my REST GET on the quote comma quote between each item, then got the value I wanted by looking for the last quote with InStrRev. I’m sure that’s not as elegant as some of the other suggestions but it works for me.

         varLines = Split(.responsetext, """,""")
        strType = Mid(varLines(8), InStrRev(varLines(8), """") + 1)
Respondent: Phil

Solution #3:

There are two issues here. The first is to access fields in the array returned by your JSON parse, the second is to rename collections/fields (like sentences) away from VBA reserved names.

Let’s address the second concern first. You were on the right track. First, replace all instances of sentences with jsentences If text within your JSON also contains the word sentences, then figure out a way to make the replacement unique, such as using "sentences":[ as the search string. You can use the VBA Replace method to do this.

Once that’s done, so VBA will stop renaming sentences to Sentences, it’s just a matter of accessing the array like so:

'first, declare the variables you need:
Dim jsent as Variant

'Get arr all setup, then
For Each jsent in arr.jsentences
Respondent: dolphus333

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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