[Solved] How to load firefox profile with Python Selenium?

I’m trying to get Python Selenium to work on my Windows Machine. I’ve upgraded to the latest versions of Firefox, Selenium, Geckodriver, but I still receive the below error:

Python Script

from selenium import webdriver
driver = webdriver.Firefox()

Error

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "run.py", line 17605, in <module>
  File "<string>", line 21, in <module>
  File "site-packagesseleniumwebdriverfirefoxwebdriver.py", line 77, in __init__
  File "site-packagesseleniumwebdriverfirefoxextension_connection.py", line 49, in __init__
  File "site-packagesseleniumwebdriverfirefoxfirefox_binary.py", line 68, in launch_browser
  File "site-packagesseleniumwebdriverfirefoxfirefox_binary.py", line 103, in _wait_until_connectable
WebDriverException: Message: Can't load the profile. Profile Dir: %s If you specified a log_file in the FirefoxBinary constructor, check it for details.

I’ve also tried creating the firefox profile with the below code:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary

profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
profile.set_preference('browser.download.folderList', 2)
profile.set_preference('browser.download.manager.showWhenStarting', False)
profile.set_preference('browser.download.dir', os.getcwd())
profile.set_preference('browser.helperApps.neverAsk.saveToDisk', ('application/vnd.ms-excel'))
profile.set_preference('general.warnOnAboutConfig', False)

gecko_path = "path_to_geckodriver\geckodriver.exe"
path = "path_to_firefoxs\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe"
binary = FirefoxBinary(path)
driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile=profile,executable_path=gecko_path)
  • Python 2.7
  • Firefox 60
  • Geckodriver-v0.20.1-win64.zip
  • Selenium 3.12.0
Enquirer: Chris

||

Solution #1:

Solution:

from selenium import webdriver
fp = webdriver.FirefoxProfile('/home/gabriel/.mozilla/firefox/whatever.selenium')
driver = webdriver.Firefox(fp)

I struggled until I found this issue which is now solved but was helpful because it shows some commands.

first version, not working because I could not connect with selenium afterward:

from selenium.webdriver.firefox.options import Options
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities

options = Options()
options.add_argument("-profile")
options.add_argument("/home/gabriel/.mozilla/firefox/whatever.selenium")
firefox_capabilities = DesiredCapabilities.FIREFOX
firefox_capabilities['marionette'] = True
driver = webdriver.Firefox(capabilities=firefox_capabilities, firefox_options=options)

I am sure that this loads the profile “whatever.selenium” because if I go to about:profiles I can read:

Profile: selenium
This is the profile in use and it cannot be deleted.

Even though “whatever.selenium” is not the default profile on my system.

Remark: at least one the profile parameters is overridden by selenium (or geckodriver?): Preferences > Privacy and Security > “Block pop-up windows” is always reseted to off. So use about:profiles to make assertions on which profile you are running.

notes:

  • firefox_capabilities might not be needed in above code.
  • tested under Firefox 60.4.0esr (64-bit), geckodriver 0.23.0 ( 2018-10-04), selenium 3.141.0 with Python 3.5.3
Respondent: Gabriel Devillers

Solution #2:

You didn’t update preferences for profile: profile.update_preferences().
You have to update the profile after set preference. Please following the code below:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary

profile = webdriver.FirefoxProfile()
profile.set_preference('browser.download.folderList', 2)
profile.set_preference('browser.download.manager.showWhenStarting', False)
profile.set_preference('browser.download.dir', os.getcwd())
profile.set_preference('browser.helperApps.neverAsk.saveToDisk', ('application/vnd.ms-excel'))
profile.set_preference('general.warnOnAboutConfig', False)
profile.update_preferences()
gecko_path = "path_to_geckodriver\geckodriver.exe"
path = "path_to_firefoxs\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe"
binary = FirefoxBinary(path)
driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile=profile,executable_path=gecko_path)
Respondent: Sang9xpro

Solution #3:

Switch to the chrome driver. Firefox, gecko, and selenium are not working well together right now. Here is what finally worked for me.

import unittest
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.common.exceptions import NoSuchElementException

class TestTemplate(unittest.TestCase):
    """Include test cases on a given url"""

    def setUp(self):
        """Start web driver"""
        chrome_options = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
        chrome_options.add_argument('--no-sandbox')
        self.driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_options=chrome_options)
        self.driver.implicitly_wait(10)

    def tearDown(self):
        """Stop web driver"""
        self.driver.quit()

    def test_case_1(self):
        """Go to python.org and print title"""
        try:
            self.driver.get('https://www.python.org/')
            title = self.driver.title
            print title
        except NoSuchElementException as ex:
            self.fail(ex.msg)

    def test_case_2(self):
        """Go to redbull.com and print title"""
        try:
            self.driver.get('https://www.redbull.com')
            title = self.driver.title
            print title
        except NoSuchElementException as ex:
            self.fail(ex.msg)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    suite = unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(TestTemplate)
    unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=2).run(suite)

I use a Jenkinsfile that loads the frame buffer to call selenium and the python script.

You could easily run this on your local machine. You may want to get a vagrant box going with linux.

Here is what launches the python script.

sh “(Xvfb :99 -screen 0 1366x768x16 &) && (python ./${PYTHON_SCRIPT_FILE})”

This is called from a docker file running this Docker image.

https://github.com/cloudbees/java-build-tools-dockerfile

Respondent: James Knott

Solution #4:

On windows I use:

fp = webdriver.FirefoxProfile('C:/Users/x/AppData/Roaming/Mozilla/Firefox/Profiles/some-long-string')
driver = webdriver.Firefox(firefox_profile=fp)
...

1 – To find the current Profile Folder, type about:support on the url field and press enter.
2 – To see all user profiles type about:profiles on the url field and press enter.

Respondent: Pedro Lobito

Solution #5:

Loading customized firefox profile in java:

FirefoxOptions options = new FirefoxOptions();

ProfilesIni allProfiles = new ProfilesIni();         
FirefoxProfile selenium_profile = allProfiles.getProfile("selenium_profile"); // manualy created profile in firefox profile manager
options.setProfile(selenium_profile);

options.setBinary("C:\Program Files (x86)\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe");
System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", "C:\Users\pburgr\Desktop\geckodriver-v0.20.0-win64\geckodriver.exe");
driver = new FirefoxDriver(options);
driver.manage().window().maximize();
Respondent: pburgr

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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