[Solved] How to change the spinner background in Android?

I am developing an app in which I need to change the spinner background layout to match the background color. I researched and found that I need to create a 9 patch image. I have done creating the 9 patch image and used in the app but it looks bigger than the normal spinner and also I couldn’t see the drop down button in the spinner as well.

I am so happy if you guys provide me a clear tutorial from start creating the 9 patch image for Spinner and using it in the app.

The spinner looks like

Code for the Spinner

 <Spinner
        android:id="@+id/spnIncredientone"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_below="@+id/txtMixtureTitle" 
        android:layout_marginLeft="5dip"
        android:layout_marginRight="5dip"
        android:background="@drawable/spinner_background"
        android:prompt="@string/selectmixture" />
Enquirer: vinothp

||

Solution #1:

You can set the spinners background color in xml like this:

android:background="YOUR_HEX_COLOR_CODE"

and if you use the drop down menu with you spinner you can set its background color like this:

android:popupBackground="YOUR_HEX_COLOR_CODE"
Respondent: Jakob

Solution #2:

You can change background color and drop down icon like doing this way

Step1: In drawable folder make background.xml for border of spinner.

<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<solid android:color="@android:color/transparent" />
<corners android:radius="5dp" />
<stroke
    android:width="1dp"
    android:color="@color/darkGray" />
</shape>  //edited

Step2: for layout design of spinner use this drop down icon or any image drop.pnjuse this image like as

  <RelativeLayout
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                    android:layout_marginRight="3dp"
                    android:layout_weight=".28"
                    android:background="@drawable/spinner_border"
                    android:orientation="horizontal">

                    <Spinner
                        android:id="@+id/spinner2"
                        android:layout_width="match_parent"
                        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_centerVertical="true"
                        android:layout_gravity="center"
                        android:background="@android:color/transparent"
                        android:gravity="center"
                        android:layout_marginLeft="5dp"
                        android:spinnerMode="dropdown" />

                    <ImageView
                        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
                        android:layout_centerVertical="true"
                        android:layout_gravity="center"
                        android:src="@mipmap/drop" />

                </RelativeLayout>

Finally looks like below image and it is every where clickable in round area and no need of to write click Lister for imageView.

For more details , you can see Here

enter image description here

Respondent: Binesh Kumar

Solution #3:

Even though it is an older post but as I came across it while looking for same problem so I thought I will add my two cents as well. Here is my version of Spinner’s background with DropDown arrow. Just the complete background, not only the arrow.

This is how it looks..
Screenshot of Spinner using spinner_bg.xml

Apply on spinner like…

<Spinner
     android:layout_width="match_parent"
     android:layout_height="wrap_content"
     android:background="@drawable/spinner_bg" />

spinner_bg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item>
        <color android:color="@color/InputBg" />
    </item>
    <item android:gravity="center_vertical|right" android:right="8dp">
        <layer-list>
            <item android:width="12dp" android:height="12dp" android:gravity="center" android:bottom="10dp">
                <rotate
                    android:fromDegrees="45"
                    android:toDegrees="45">
                    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                        <solid android:color="#666666" />
                        <stroke android:color="#aaaaaa" android:width="1dp"/>
                    </shape>
                </rotate>
            </item>
            <item android:width="30dp" android:height="10dp" android:bottom="21dp" android:gravity="center">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <solid android:color="@color/InputBg"/>
                </shape>
            </item>
        </layer-list>
    </item>
</layer-list>

@color/InputBg should be replaced by the color you want as your background.

First it fills the background with desired color. Then a child layer-list makes a square and rotates it by 45 degrees and then a second Rectangle with background color covers the top part of rotated square making it look like a down arrow. (There is an extra stroke in rotated rectangle with is not really required)

Respondent: E Malik

Solution #4:

Sample Image

When you set the spinner background color using android:background="@color/your_color" your spinner
default arrow will disappear

And also need to add fixed width and height to spinner so you can show the full content of the spinner.

so i found a way to do it , just like the above image.

Write your spinner code inside a frame layout, here you don’t need to use a separate image view for showing drop down icon.

  <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Floor"
            android:textColor="@color/white"/>

        <FrameLayout
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginLeft="@dimen/margin_short"
            android:background="@drawable/custom_spn_background">

            <Spinner
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:dropDownSelector="@color/colorAccent"
                android:dropDownWidth="@dimen/dp_70"
                android:spinnerMode="dropdown"
                android:tooltipText="Select floor" />
        </FrameLayout>

Create a new xml for Frame layout background or set
android:background="@color/your_color"

custom_spn_background.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:shape="rectangle">
<corners android:radius="@dimen/dp_5" />
<solid android:color="@color/white" />

Respondent: Adarsh Vijayan P

Solution #5:

enter image description here

Spinner code

<Spinner
    android:id="@+id/spinner"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textColor="@color/text.white"
    android:paddingBottom="13dp"
    android:background="@drawable/bg_spinner"/>

bg_spinner.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle">
            <solid android:color="@color/colorPrimaryDark"/>
            <corners android:radius="10dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item android:gravity="center_vertical|right" android:right="8dp">
        <layer-list>
            <item android:width="12dp" android:height="12dp"  android:gravity="center" android:bottom="10dp">
                <rotate
                    android:fromDegrees="45"
                    android:toDegrees="45">
                    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                        <solid android:color="#ffffff" />
                        <stroke android:color="#ffffff" android:width="1dp"/>
                    </shape>
                </rotate>
            </item>
            <item android:width="20dp" android:height="10dp" android:bottom="21dp" android:gravity="center">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <solid android:color="@color/colorPrimaryDark"/>
                </shape>
            </item>
        </layer-list>
    </item>
</layer-list>

Solution #6:

You need to create a new personalized layout for your spinner items, like this, I will name it:

spinner_item.xml:

<TextView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@android:id/text1"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:textSize="20sp"
    android:textColor="#ff0000" />

Then on your spinner declaration, you need to make your spinner use the new layout in the adapter:

ArrayAdapter adapter = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this,
R.layout.spinner_item, YOUR_SPINNER_CONTENT);
spinner.setAdapter(adapter);

To personalize elements from the dropdown list, you need to create another layout, I will name it spinner_dropdown_item.xml:

<CheckedTextView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@android:id/text1"
    style="?android:attr/spinnerDropDownItemStyle"
    android:singleLine="true"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:ellipsize="marquee"
    android:textColor="#aa66cc"/>

and then on the adapter:

ArrayAdapter adapter = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this,
R.layout.spinner_item, YOUR_SPINNER_CONTENT);
adapter.setDropDownViewResource(R.layout.spinner_dropdown_item);
spinner.setAdapter(adapter);
Respondent: heisenberg

Solution #7:

As Jakob pointed out, android:popupBackground is the key attribute for the dropdown (opened state of the Spinner), but instead of using just a colour, I got the best results with a 9-patch drawable like this:

enter image description here
menu_dropdown_panel.9.png

Note that it’s very easy to generate this 9-patch image for the background colour of your choice, for example using this online tool as I explained in this answer!

So, my Spinner XML definition looks like:

<Spinner
    android:id="@+id/spinner"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@color/navigationBlue"
    android:spinnerMode="dropdown"
    android:popupBackground="@drawable/menu_dropdown_panel"
    />

And the result:

(For custom fonts, as in the screenshot above, a custom SpinnerAdapter is needed too.)

Works at least on Android 4.0+ (API level 14+).

Respondent: Jonik

Solution #8:

spinner code:

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/spinner"
    android:gravity="bottom"
    android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
    android:background="@drawable/spinner_selector"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:clickable="true"
    android:paddingLeft="16dp"
    android:textSize="16sp"
    android:text="TextView" />

spinner_selector.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_enable" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="false"  /> <!-- enable -->
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_clicked" android:state_pressed="true"  android:state_enabled="true"  />
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_disable" android:state_enabled="false" /> <!-- disable -->
</selector>

spinner_disable.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#ddf" />
            <padding android:bottom="1dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item android:bottom="1dp">
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#fff" />

            <padding
                android:left="0dp"
                android:right="0dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#fff" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item
        android:gravity="center_vertical|right"
        android:right="8dp">
        <layer-list>
            <item
                android:width="12dp"
                android:height="12dp"
                android:bottom="10dp"
                android:gravity="center">
                <rotate
                    android:fromDegrees="45"
                    android:toDegrees="45">
                    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                        <solid android:color="#ddf" />
                        <stroke
                            android:width="1dp"
                            android:color="#aaaaaa" />
                    </shape>
                </rotate>
            </item>
            <item
                android:width="30dp"
                android:height="10dp"
                android:bottom="21dp"
                android:gravity="center">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <solid android:color="@android:color/white" />
                </shape>
            </item>
        </layer-list>
    </item>
</layer-list>

spinner_clicked.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#00f" />
            <padding android:bottom="1dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item android:bottom="1dp">
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#fff" />

            <padding
                android:left="0dp"
                android:right="0dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
            <solid android:color="#fff" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item
        android:gravity="center_vertical|right"
        android:right="8dp">
        <layer-list>
            <item
                android:width="12dp"
                android:height="12dp"
                android:bottom="10dp"
                android:gravity="center">
                <rotate
                    android:fromDegrees="45"
                    android:toDegrees="45">
                    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                        <solid android:color="#00f" />
                        <stroke
                            android:width="1dp"
                            android:color="#aaaaaa" />
                    </shape>
                </rotate>
            </item>
            <item
                android:width="30dp"
                android:height="10dp"
                android:bottom="21dp"
                android:gravity="center">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <solid android:color="@android:color/white" />
                </shape>
            </item>
        </layer-list>
    </item>
</layer-list>

spinner_enable.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#00f" />
        <padding android:bottom="1dp" />
    </shape>
</item>
<item android:bottom="1dp">
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#BBDEFB" />

        <padding
            android:left="0dp"
            android:right="0dp" />
    </shape>
</item>
<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#BBDEFB" />
    </shape>
</item>
<item
    android:gravity="center_vertical|right"
    android:right="8dp">
    <layer-list>
        <item
            android:width="12dp"
            android:height="12dp"
            android:bottom="10dp"
            android:gravity="center">
            <rotate
                android:fromDegrees="45"
                android:toDegrees="45">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <solid android:color="#00f" />
                    <stroke
                        android:width="1dp"
                        android:color="#aaaaaa" />
                </shape>
            </rotate>
        </item>
        <item
            android:width="30dp"
            android:height="10dp"
            android:bottom="21dp"
            android:gravity="center">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <solid android:color="#BBDEFB" />
            </shape>
        </item>
    </layer-list>
</item>
</layer-list>

it works fine without nine-patch pictures. api 21+
enter image description here

Respondent: Samet ÖZTOPRAK

Solution #9:

spinner_selector.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_enabled" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="false" /> <!-- enable -->
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_clicked" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="true" />
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_disabled" android:state_enabled="false" /> <!-- disable -->
</selector>

spinner_enabled.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#00f" />
        <padding android:bottom="2dp" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#fff" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <rotate
        android:fromDegrees="90"
        android:pivotX="100%"
        android:pivotY="60%"
        android:toDegrees="135">
        <rotate
            android:fromDegrees="135"
            android:pivotX="100%"
            android:pivotY="60%"
            android:toDegrees="45">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <stroke
                    android:width="10dp"
                    android:color="#00f" />
                <solid android:color="#00f" />
            </shape>
        </rotate>
    </rotate>
</item>
</layer-list>

spinner_disabled.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#ddf" />
        <padding android:bottom="2dp" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#fff" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <rotate
        android:fromDegrees="90"
        android:pivotX="100%"
        android:pivotY="60%"
        android:toDegrees="135">
        <rotate
            android:fromDegrees="135"
            android:pivotX="100%"
            android:pivotY="60%"
            android:toDegrees="45">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <stroke
                    android:width="10dp"
                    android:color="#ddf" />
                <solid android:color="#ddf" />
            </shape>
        </rotate>
    </rotate>
</item>
</layer-list>

spinner_focused.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#00f" />
        <padding android:bottom="2dp" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle" >
        <solid android:color="#BBDEFB" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <rotate
        android:fromDegrees="90"
        android:pivotX="100%"
        android:pivotY="60%"
        android:toDegrees="135">
        <rotate
            android:fromDegrees="135"
            android:pivotX="100%"
            android:pivotY="60%"
            android:toDegrees="45">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <stroke
                    android:width="10dp"
                    android:color="#00f" />
                <solid android:color="#00f" />
            </shape>
        </rotate>
    </rotate>
</item>
</layer-list>

it works fine without nine-patch pictures.
api 10+
enter image description here

Respondent: Samet ÖZTOPRAK

Solution #10:

I tried above samples but not working for me. The simplest solution is working for me awesome:

<RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#fff" >
        <Spinner
            android:id="@+id/spinner1"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:entries="@array/Area"/>
    </RelativeLayout>
Respondent: Kishore Reddy

Solution #11:

It is already said in other answers . I did it like placing Spinner inside a CardView and changed the cardBackgroundColor . You could use some other views also and set its background either drawable or color . Thus it doesn’t affect
Spinner drop down arrow. As the spinner dropdown arrow disappears if we set background to Spinner.

 <androidx.cardview.widget.CardView
        android:id="@+id/cardView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        app:cardCornerRadius="6dp"
        app:cardBackgroundColor="@color/white">
        
        <Spinner
            android:id="@+id/spinner"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:padding="10dp"/>

    </androidx.cardview.widget.CardView>
Respondent: Taz

Solution #12:

It needs to work with the transparent background in a spinner.

spinner_enable.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle">
            <solid android:color="#00000000" />
            <padding android:bottom="2dp" />
        </shape>
    </item>

    <item>
        <shape android:shape="rectangle">
            <solid android:color="#00000000" />
        </shape>
    </item>

    <item
        android:bottom="-2dp"
        android:left="-3dp"
        android:right="-3dp"
        android:top="-3dp">
        <shape>
            <solid android:color="#00000000" />
            <stroke

                android:width="2dp"
                android:color="#00aedb" />
        </shape>
    </item>

    <item>
        <rotate
            android:fromDegrees="90"
            android:pivotX="100%"
            android:pivotY="60%"
            android:toDegrees="135">
            <rotate
                android:fromDegrees="135"
                android:pivotX="100%"
                android:pivotY="60%"
                android:toDegrees="45">
                <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                    <stroke
                        android:width="10dp"
                        android:color="#00aedb" />
                    <solid android:color="#00aedb" />
                </shape>
            </rotate>
        </rotate>
    </item>
</layer-list>

spinner_disable.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
        <solid android:color="#00000000" />
        <padding android:bottom="2dp" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <shape android:shape="rectangle">
        <solid android:color="#00000000" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item
    android:bottom="-2dp"
    android:left="-3dp"
    android:right="-3dp"
    android:top="-3dp">
    <shape>
        <solid android:color="#00000000" />
        <stroke

            android:width="2dp"
            android:color="#d9dadc" />
    </shape>
</item>

<item>
    <rotate
        android:fromDegrees="90"
        android:pivotX="100%"
        android:pivotY="60%"
        android:toDegrees="135">
        <rotate
            android:fromDegrees="135"
            android:pivotX="100%"
            android:pivotY="60%"
            android:toDegrees="45">
            <shape android:shape="rectangle">
                <stroke
                    android:width="10dp"
                    android:color="#d9dadc" />
                <solid android:color="#d9dadc" />
            </shape>
        </rotate>
    </rotate>
</item>
</layer-list>

spinner_selector.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_enable" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="false"  /> <!-- enable -->
    <item android:drawable="@drawable/spinner_disable" android:state_enabled="false" /> <!-- disable -->
</selector>
Respondent: Samet ÖZTOPRAK

Solution #13:

<FrameLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content">
    <Spinner
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:background="@drawable/edit_border"
        android:visibility="visible"
        android:id="@+id/teach_repeat"
        android:entries="@array/on_off"
        android:textSize="12sp"
        android:textColor="#ffffff"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="40dp" />
        <ImageView
            android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
            android:layout_gravity="end"
            android:src="@drawable/ic_arrow_drop_down_white_18dp"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    </FrameLayout>

Solution #14:

You just use this code

            <LinearLayout

            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:baselineAligned="false">

            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="0dp"
                android:layout_height="match_parent"
                android:layout_weight="0.80">

                <FrameLayout
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:layout_gravity="center_vertical|start"
                    android:paddingBottom="5dp"
                    android:paddingTop="5dp">

                    <Spinner
                        android:layout_width="match_parent"
                        android:layout_height="match_parent"

                        android:background="@drawable/spiner_back"
                        android:visibility="visible" />

                    <ImageView
                        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical|end"
                        android:src="@drawable/ic_arrow_drop_down_black_24dp" />
                </FrameLayout>


            </LinearLayout>

            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="0dp"
                android:layout_height="match_parent"
                android:layout_weight="0.20">

                <Button
                    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                    android:background="@color/colorred"
                    android:fontFamily="@font/raleway_extrabold"
                    android:text="GO"
                    android:textColor="@color/colorwhite" />

            </LinearLayout>
        </LinearLayout>

And This is background which i used…

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:shape="rectangle">
<corners android:radius="5dp" />
<solid android:color="@color/colorwhite" />

and here we go this is view which i archive…
enter image description here

Respondent: Hitesh Kushwah

Solution #15:

Android Studio has a pre-defined code, you can directly use it.
android:popupBackground=”HEX COLOR CODE”

Respondent: Sankalp Jadhav

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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