[Solved] Android: mkdirs()/mkdir() on external storage returns false

I’m driven crazy with this:

Log.d("STATE", Environment.getExternalStorageState());
File f = new File(Environment.getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(Environment.DIRECTORY_DCIM), "work_data");
Log.d("PATH", f.getAbsolutePath());
if (!f.exists()) {
    Log.d("MAKE DIR", f.mkdirs() + "");
}

The output log looks like this:

STATE     mounted
PATH      /mnt/sdcard/DCIM/work_data
MAKE DIR  false

I made sure to add the correct permission:

 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/> 

But I don’t know why it could not create the folder. I also used mkdir() step by step but the result is the same. Please help me. I have googled so much and spent at least 2 days on this stupid thing. Thanks for your help!!

EDITING:

Sorry everyone! I had added <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/> in <application> tag. this was my mistake! But thank you all for reply.

Enquirer: MHM

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Solution #1:

I have had the same problem and I have searched everything for a week trying to find the answer. I think I found it and I think it’s ridiculously easy, you have to put the uses-permission statement in the right place…

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.company.name" 
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="0.2">

    <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="8" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

When I had it inside the <application></application> section it did not work.

Respondent: Omnivore

Solution #2:

I got the same problem,and I am sure I had put the permission tag in the right place,but mkdirs didn’t work yet, my system is Android 6.0, I resolve it now , you can check as below:

  1. make sure your put the permission tag in .
  2. open “setting/application” in your phone,check your application’s permission(I found the permission in my manifest statement is not here),open the switch of the permission like this.(I found it is closed in default which make “mkdirs” failed)

enter image description here

Respondent: Fido Zhang

Solution #3:

I know this is an old post but perhaps my answer can help somebody.

After several days dealing with this problem I have realized that while the phone is connected to the PC, which it turns to be always during development, the SD card is not available. Thus making to fail any attempt to create a directory or file over it.
To make it “easier” it seemed to behave differently depending of the telephone under test.

I know it can sound quite a silly problem, but it cost a lot of time that maybe some other can save.

Respondent: Clark Ku

Solution #4:

add this line of code in OnCreate()

ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this,
            new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE},1);
Respondent: Osama Ibrahim

Solution #5:

Applicable only if your targetSdkVersion is 29 or above

Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() is deprecated in API level 29.

To get the same functionality use this line

File mediaStorageDir = context.getExternalFilesDir(null);

If you have checked all the possible errors then try this fix.

Already answered here – https://stackoverflow.com/a/61480077/7764015

Respondent: Priyankchoudhary

Solution #6:

mkdirs() only returns true if the directory was created. If it is in place already, it should return false. So I would bet this directory already exists.

Respondent: dragonroot

Solution #7:

Might be it’s too late for answer but if you already allowed R/W permission(Runtime Permission too) and still doesn’t work add this below mentioned line in your AndroidManifest.xml

<application
........
........
android:requestLegacyExternalStorage="true">

Note: this must required if you’r targeting Android 10+

Respondent: Bhavesh Moradiya

Solution #8:

I had the same issue, and I just wanted to share my fix.
as per android
Beginning with Android 4.4, reading or writing files in your app’s private directories does not require the READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE or WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permissions.

So you can declare the permission should be requested only on the lower versions of Android by adding the maxSdkVersion attribute:

<uses-permission
    android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"
    android:maxSdkVersion="18" />

but maxSdkVersion is the issue, I just removed it and now it works.

Respondent: Manish Jain

Solution #9:

put this

Log.d("MAKE DIR", f.mkdir() + "");

instead of

Log.d("MAKE DIR", f.mkdirs() + "");

or try this

String s=Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString()+"/";
File f = new File(s+"DCIM/work_data");

Solution #10:

Your code is working fine for me.There is no any thing wrong in your code.
Just if you are making one directory use f.mkdir() instead of f.mkdirs()
You can see your folder in mnt => Sd card => DCIM => work_data

Respondent: Dharmendra

Solution #11:

If you have android 6.0 and more, make sure your target sdk in gradle file less than 22:

targetSdkVersion 22

or you need to implement run time permissions.

Respondent: phnmnn

Solution #12:

<application
        .....
        android:requestLegacyExternalStorage="true">

work well.

Respondent: simpman

Solution #13:

This might help someone in the future.

the problem might also be that you write the address “/File/Address/” instead you should write

File.separator + "File" + File.separator + "Address" + File.separator

This is such a small and stupid thing but this worked for me after wasting hours of my time.

Respondent: Mayank

Solution #14:

I tried to make a set of subfolders in external storage ‘Test/Test1/Test2’ when mkdirs() kept returning false. Turns out that ‘Test’ is either a reserved word for a folder in the external storage root. This was on a Motorola G (XT1541) and may apply to other devices as well.

Solution #15:

For new devices, you have to ask user permission.

You can do that like this before create your file:

            boolean hasPermission = (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(MainActivity.this,
                Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED);
        if (!hasPermission) {
            //ask permission
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MainActivity.this,
                    new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE},
                    REQUEST_WRITE_STORAGE);
        }
        else {

           //you have permission, create your file
        }

After user’s action, you can handle result.

  @Override
public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
    super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
    switch (requestCode)
    {
        case 1: {
            if (grantResults.length > 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)
            {
                //you have permission, create your file
                //reload my activity with permission granted or use the features what required the permission
            } else
            {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "The app was not allowed to write to your storage. Hence, it cannot function properly. Please consider granting it this permission", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        }
    }

}
Respondent: Pedro Henrique

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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