How do you get Jenkins to execute python unittest cases?
Is it possible to JUnit style XML output from the builtin unittest package?

sample tests:

tests.py:

# tests.py

import random
try:
    import unittest2 as unittest
except ImportError:
    import unittest

class SimpleTest(unittest.TestCase):
    @unittest.skip("demonstrating skipping")
    def test_skipped(self):
        self.fail("shouldn't happen")

    def test_pass(self):
        self.assertEqual(10, 7 + 3)

    def test_fail(self):
        self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)

JUnit with pytest

run the tests with:

py.test --junitxml results.xml tests.py

results.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<testsuite errors="0" failures="1" name="pytest" skips="1" tests="2" time="0.097">
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000301837921143">
        <failure message="test failure">self = &lt;tests.SimpleTest testMethod=test_fail&gt;

    def test_fail(self):
&gt;       self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
E       AssertionError: 11 != 10

tests.py:16: AssertionError</failure>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000109910964966"/>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000164031982422">
        <skipped message="demonstrating skipping" type="pytest.skip">/home/damien/test-env/lib/python2.6/site-packages/_pytest/unittest.py:119: Skipped: demonstrating skipping</skipped>
    </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with nose

run the tests with:

nosetests --with-xunit

nosetests.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<testsuite name="nosetests" tests="3" errors="0" failures="1" skip="1">
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000">
        <failure type="exceptions.AssertionError" message="11 != 10">
            <![CDATA[Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 340, in run
testMethod()
File "/home/damien/tests.py", line 16, in test_fail
self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 521, in assertEqual
assertion_func(first, second, msg=msg)
File "/opt/python-2.6.1/lib/python2.6/site-packages/unittest2-0.5.1-py2.6.egg/unittest2/case.py", line 514, in _baseAssertEqual
raise self.failureException(msg)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
]]>
        </failure>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000"></testcase>
    <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000">
        <skipped type="nose.plugins.skip.SkipTest" message="demonstrating skipping">
            <![CDATA[SkipTest: demonstrating skipping
]]>
        </skipped>
    </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with nose2

You would need to use the nose2.plugins.junitxml plugin. You can configure nose2 with a config file like you would normally do, or with the --plugin command-line option.

run the tests with:

nose2 --plugin nose2.plugins.junitxml --junit-xml tests

nose2-junit.xml:

<testsuite errors="0" failures="1" name="nose2-junit" skips="1" tests="3" time="0.001">
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000126">
    <failure message="test failure">Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/damien/Work/test2/tests.py", line 18, in test_fail
    self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
</failure>
  </testcase>
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000095" />
  <testcase classname="tests.SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000058">
    <skipped />
  </testcase>
</testsuite>

JUnit with unittest-xml-reporting

Append the following to tests.py

if __name__ == '__main__':
    import xmlrunner
    unittest.main(testRunner=xmlrunner.XMLTestRunner(output="test-reports"))

run the tests with:

python tests.py

test-reports/TEST-SimpleTest-20131001140629.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<testsuite errors="1" failures="0" name="SimpleTest-20131001140629" tests="3" time="0.000">
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_pass" time="0.000"/>
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_fail" time="0.000">
        <error message="11 != 10" type="AssertionError">
<![CDATA[Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "tests.py", line 16, in test_fail
    self.assertEqual(11, 7 + 3)
AssertionError: 11 != 10
]]>     </error>
    </testcase>
    <testcase classname="SimpleTest" name="test_skipped" time="0.000">
        <skipped message="demonstrating skipping" type="skip"/>
    </testcase>
    <system-out>
<![CDATA[]]>    </system-out>
    <system-err>
<![CDATA[]]>    </system-err>
</testsuite>

I would second using nose. Basic XML reporting is now built in. Just use the –with-xunit command line option and it will produce a nosetests.xml file. For example:

nosetests –with-xunit

Then add a “Publish JUnit test result report” post build action, and fill in the “Test report XMLs” field with nosetests.xml (assuming that you ran nosetests in $WORKSPACE).

You can install the unittest-xml-reporting package to add a test runner that generates XML to the built-in unittest.

We use pytest, which has XML output built in (it’s a command line option).

Either way, executing the unit tests can be done by running a shell command.

I used nosetests. There are addons to output the XML for Jenkins

When using buildout we use collective.xmltestreport to produce JUnit-style XML output, perhaps it’s source code or the module itself could be of help.

python -m pytest --junit-xml=pytest_unit.xml source_directory/test/unit || true # tests may fail

Run this as shell from jenkins , you can get the report in pytest_unit.xml as artifact.