Yesterday, I wrote and ran a python
script which executes a
subprocess.Popen(command.split()) where command is string which constitutes
.sh script and its argument. This script was working fine until yesterday. Today, I ran the same script and now I am continuously hitting this error.
p=subprocess.Popen(shell_command.split()) File "/usr/lib/python2.7/subprocess.py", line 679, in __init__ errread, errwrite) File "/usr/lib/python2.7/subprocess.py", line 1249, in _execute_child raise child_exception OSError: [Errno 8] Exec format error
I know there are similar questions that have been asked before related to this question, but in my case I tried everything which doesn’t solve my purpose. Using
shell=True does not work because my shell script calls an another shell script before which some environment has to be set in order to run that script. I am badly stuck in this. I just restart my system once. I am using
import subprocess import os import sys arg1=sys.argv arg2=sys.argve shell_command = 'my_path/my_shell.sh ' + arg1 + ' '+ arg2 P = subprocess.Popen(shell_command.split()) P.wait()
arg1=$1 arg2=$2 cd $TOP setup the environment and run shell script build the kernel ... execute shell command .....
I solved this by putting this line at the top of the called shell script:
That will guarantee that the system always uses the correct interpreter when running your script.
Following statement worked for me
As @tripleee said, there is an issue executing your script. Make sure:
- Change the shell command to “./my_path/my_script.sh” or “/bin/bash my_path/my_script.sh”. Account for environment variables, if necessary.
- Both scripts have execute bit set (chmod +x)
- The files exist at the location you think they do. (Use abspath or verify environment)
- The files have contents
- Try removing and re-typing the first line. I recommend killing the whole line, and hitting backspace several times in case there’s a non-printable character before the #!
This can also happen if the binary is not meant to run on your system.
I’m on OSX, but the binary I was running is not meant for OSX, as I saw from using
webui/bin/wkhtmltopdf: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (GNU/Linux), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.18, BuildID[sha1]=b6566a9e44c43a0eebf18d8c1dc6cb616801a77e, stripped
The error is because the executables are not given in the prescribed format for subprocess to execute it.
shell_command1 = r"/path/to/executable/shell/file" shell_command2 = r"./path/to/executable/shell/file"
subprocess.Popen(shell_command1) will not be able to run shell_command1 because subprocess needs an executable command like (mailx, ls, ping, etc.) or executable script like shell_command2 or you need to specify command like this
subprocess.call(["sh", shell_command1]) subprocess.Popen(["sh", shell_command1])
but however, you can use
os.Popen() as well
The error message suggests that the external program is not a valid executable.
It is recommended to install the package binfmt-support to help the system better recognize the scipts. It helps regardless of whether they have a shebang line.