Question

[Solved] Python Serial: How to use the read or readline function to read more than 1 character at a time

I’m having trouble to read more than one character using my program, I can’t seem to figure out what went wrong with my program.

import serial

ser = serial.Serial(
    port='COM5',
    baudrate=9600,
    parity=serial.PARITY_NONE,
    stopbits=serial.STOPBITS_ONE,
    bytesize=serial.EIGHTBITS,
        timeout=0)

print("connected to: " + ser.portstr)
count=1

while True:
    for line in ser.read():

        print(str(count) + str(': ') + chr(line) )
        count = count+1

ser.close()

here are the results I get

connected to: COM5
1: 1
2: 2
3: 4
4: 3
5: 1

actually I was expecting this

connected to: COM5
1:12431
2:12431

something like the above mentioned which is able read multiple characters at the same time not one by one.

Solution #1:

I see a couple of issues.

First:

ser.read() is only going to return 1 byte at a time.

If you specify a count

ser.read(5)

it will read 5 bytes (less if timeout occurrs before 5 bytes arrive.)

If you know that your input is always properly terminated with EOL characters,
better way is to use

ser.readline()

That will continue to read characters until an EOL is received.

Second:

Even if you get ser.read() or ser.readline() to return multiple bytes,
since you are iterating over the return value, you will
still be handling it one byte at a time.

Get rid of the

for line in ser.read():

and just say:

line = ser.readline()
Respondent: jwygralak67

Solution #2:

I use this small method to read Arduino serial monitor with Python

import serial
ser = serial.Serial("COM11", 9600)
while True:
     cc=str(ser.readline())
     print(cc[2:][:-5])
Respondent: Thushara Madushan

Solution #3:

Serial sends data 8 bits at a time, that translates to 1 byte and 1 byte means 1 character.

You need to implement your own method that can read characters into a buffer until some sentinel is reached. The convention is to send a message like 12431n indicating one line.

So what you need to do is to implement a buffer that will store X number of characters and as soon as you reach that n, perform your operation on the line and proceed to read the next line into the buffer.

Note you will have to take care of buffer overflow cases i.e. when a line is received that is longer than your buffer etc…

EDIT

import serial

ser = serial.Serial(
    port='COM5',
    baudrate=9600,
    parity=serial.PARITY_NONE,
    stopbits=serial.STOPBITS_ONE,
    bytesize=serial.EIGHTBITS,
        timeout=0)

print("connected to: " + ser.portstr)

#this will store the line
line = []

while True:
    for c in ser.read():
        line.append(c)
        if c == 'n':
            print("Line: " + ''.join(line))
            line = []
            break

ser.close()
Respondent: 1337holiday

Solution #4:

I was reciving some date from my arduino uno (0-1023 numbers).
Using code from 1337holiday, jwygralak67 and some tips from other sources:

import serial
import time

ser = serial.Serial(
    port='COM4',
    baudrate=9600,
    parity=serial.PARITY_NONE,
    stopbits=serial.STOPBITS_ONE,
    bytesize=serial.EIGHTBITS,
        timeout=0)

print("connected to: " + ser.portstr)

#this will store the line
seq = []
count = 1

while True:
    for c in ser.read():
        seq.append(chr(c)) #convert from ANSII
        joined_seq = ''.join(str(v) for v in seq) #Make a string from array

        if chr(c) == 'n':
            print("Line " + str(count) + ': ' + joined_seq)
            seq = []
            count += 1
            break


ser.close()
Respondent: Desprit

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

Most Popular

To Top
India and Pakistan’s steroid-soaked rhetoric over Kashmir will come back to haunt them both clenbuterol australia bossier man pleads guilty for leadership role in anabolic steriod distribution conspiracy