[Solved] No context type was found in the assembly

I’m using .NET 4.0, MVC3, and EF5 with code first.

My solution is split up into three projects, with the dependencies as indicated:

Project.Web -> Project.BLL -> Project.DAL

The Project.DAL layer contains my entity framework data context class and all my entities, but my startup project is Project.Web, so it contains my Web.config, connection strings, and the actual SQL compact database.

I’m trying to enable migrations so I can add a new table to my EF model without wiping the existing data. However, when I run “Enable-Migrations”, I get

No context type was found in the assembly 'Project.Web'.

If I set the startup project as Project.DAL, the error changes to

Could not load assembly 'Project.Web'. (If you are using Code First Migrations inside Visual Studio this can happen if the startUp project for your solution does not reference the project that contains your migrations. You can either change the startUp project for your solution or use the -StartUpProjectName parameter.)

Does anyone know why this error is being caused or what I can do to fix it?

Solution #1:

I eventually found the answer in this question. Basically, in the Package Manager Console there’s a “Default project” dropdown. You need to set this to the project that contains your EF context.

Respondent: Cavyn VonDeylen

Solution #2:

I found similar post: Enable Migrations with Context in Separate Assembly?


enable-migrations -ContextProjectName MyProject.DBContexts -contexttypename MyProject.DBContexts.MyContextName -Verbose
Respondent: Cavyn VonDeylen

Solution #3:

For whom who made this mistake like I did:

Your context class must inherits from DbContext, just like that:

public class DirectorRequestContext : DbContext
    public DbSet<DirectorRequest> DirectorRequests { get; set; }
Respondent: d.danailov

Solution #4:

None of the other answers above answered my question.

I ended up ditching the Package Manager Console because it seemed to be using EF6 instead of EFCore…

Luckily, you can run these Entity Framework commands from plain ol’ PowerShell:

C:MyRepositoryMyProject dotnet ef migrations add InitialDbCreation

(Make sure you’re in the project directory that contains the DbContext inheritance).

And finally, I got the real errror:

Your startup project 'FantasyFitness' doesn't reference Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design. 
This package is required for the Entity Framework Core Tools to work. 
Ensure your startup project is correct, install the package, and try again.

So, I go to the “Manage NuGet Packages” on the project and install Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design, close all my IDE’s that may be locking the files, and then it finally worked.

Note that I didn’t even have to run the Enable-Migration command to get this to work… it’s magic.

Respondent: Jacob

Solution #5:

Also happens if for some reason your class with the connection isn’t in the project. So right click and ‘add to project’ sorts that out.

Respondent: Kellen Stuart

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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