Question

[Solved] libpng warning: iCCP: known incorrect sRGB profile

I’m trying to load a PNG image using SDL but the program doesn’t work and this error appears in the console

libpng warning: iCCP: known incorrect sRGB profile

Why does this warning appear? What should I do to solve this problem?

Solution #1:

Libpng-1.6 is more stringent about checking ICC profiles than previous versions. You can ignore the warning. To get rid of it, remove the iCCP chunk from the PNG image.

Some applications treat warnings as errors; if you are using such an application you do have to remove the chunk. You can do that with any of a variety of PNG editors such as ImageMagick’s

convert in.png out.png

To remove the invalid iCCP chunk from all of the PNG files in a folder (directory), you can use mogrify from ImageMagick:

mogrify *.png

This requires that your ImageMagick was built with libpng16. You can easily check it by running:

convert -list format | grep PNG

If you’d like to find out which files need to be fixed instead of blindly processing all of them, you can run

pngcrush -n -q *.png

where the -n means don’t rewrite the files and -q means suppress most of the output except for warnings. Sorry, there’s no option yet in pngcrush to suppress everything but the warnings.


Binary Releases of ImageMagick are here


For Android Projects (Android Studio) navigate into res folder.

For example:

C:{your_project_folder}appsrcmainresdrawable-hdpimogrify *.png

Solution #2:

Use pngcrush to remove the incorrect sRGB profile from the png file:

pngcrush -ow -rem allb -reduce file.png
  • -ow will overwrite the input file
  • -rem allb will remove all ancillary chunks except tRNS and gAMA
  • -reduce does lossless color-type or bit-depth reduction

In the console output you should see Removed the sRGB chunk, and possibly more messages about chunk removals. You will end up with a smaller, optimized PNG file. As the command will overwrite the original file, make sure to create a backup or use version control.

Respondent: friederbluemle

Solution #3:

Solution

The incorrect profile could be fixed by:

  1. Opening the image with the incorrect profile using QPixmap::load
  2. Saving the image back to the disk (already with the correct profile) using QPixmap::save

Note: This solution uses the Qt Library.

Example

Here is a minimal example I have written in C++ in order to demonstrate how to implement the proposed solution:

QPixmap pixmap;
pixmap.load("badProfileImage.png");

QFile file("goodProfileImage.png");
file.open(QIODevice::WriteOnly);
pixmap.save(&file, "PNG");

The complete source code of a GUI application based on this example is available on GitHub.

UPDATE FROM 05.12.2019: The answer was and is still valid, however there was a bug in the GUI application I have shared on GitHub, causing the output image to be empty. I have just fixed it and apologise for the inconvenience!

Respondent: scopchanov

Solution #4:

You can also just fix this in photoshop…

  1. Open your .png file.
  2. File -> Save As and in the dialog that opens up uncheck “ICC Profile: sRGB IEC61966-2.1”
  3. Uncheck “As a Copy”.
  4. Courageously save over your original .png.
  5. Move on with your life knowing that you’ve removed just that little bit of evil from the world.
Respondent: Spencer

Solution #5:

To add to Glenn’s great answer, here’s what I did to find which files were faulty:

find . -name "*.png" -type f -print0 | xargs 
       -0 pngcrush_1_8_8_w64.exe -n -q > pngError.txt 2>&1

I used the find and xargs because pngcrush could not handle lots of arguments (which were returned by **/*.png). The -print0 and -0 is required to handle file names containing spaces.

Then search in the output for these lines: iCCP: Not recognizing known sRGB profile that has been edited.

./Installer/Images/installer_background.png:    
Total length of data found in critical chunks            =     11286  
pngcrush: iCCP: Not recognizing known sRGB profile that has been edited

And for each of those, run mogrify on it to fix them.

mogrify ./Installer/Images/installer_background.png

Doing this prevents having a commit changing every single png file in the repository when only a few have actually been modified. Plus it has the advantage to show exactly which files were faulty.

I tested this on Windows with a Cygwin console and a zsh shell. Thanks again to Glenn who put most of the above, I’m just adding an answer as it’s usually easier to find than comments 🙂

Respondent: Uflex

Solution #6:

Thanks to the fantastic answer from Glenn, I used ImageMagik‘s “mogrify *.png” functionality. However, I had images buried in sub-folders, so I used this simple Python script to apply this to all images in all sub-folders and thought it might help others:

import os
import subprocess

def system_call(args, cwd="."):
    print("Running '{}' in '{}'".format(str(args), cwd))
    subprocess.call(args, cwd=cwd)
    pass

def fix_image_files(root=os.curdir):
    for path, dirs, files in os.walk(os.path.abspath(root)):
        # sys.stdout.write('.')
        for dir in dirs:
            system_call("mogrify *.png", "{}".format(os.path.join(path, dir)))


fix_image_files(os.curdir)
Respondent: Devan Williams

Solution #7:

There is an easier way to fix this issue with Mac OS and Homebrew:

Install homebrew if it is not installed yet

$brew install libpng
$pngfix --strip=color --out=file2.png file.png

or to do it with every file in the current directory:

mkdir tmp; for f in ./*.png; do pngfix --strip=color --out=tmp/"$f" "$f"; done

It will create a fixed copy for each png file in the current directory and put it in the the tmp subdirectory. After that, if everything is OK, you just need to override the original files.

Another tip is to use the Keynote and Preview applications to create the icons. I draw them using Keynote, in the size of about 120×120 pixels, over a slide with a white background (the option to make polygons editable is great!). Before exporting to Preview, I draw a rectangle around the icon (without any fill or shadow, just the outline, with the size of about 135×135) and copy everything to the clipboard. After that, you just need to open it with the Preview tool using “New from Clipboard”, select a 128×128 pixels area around the icon, copy, use “New from Clipboard” again, and export it to PNG. You won’t need to run the pngfix tool.

Respondent: Adriel Jr

Solution #8:

After trying a couple of the suggestions on this page I ended up using the pngcrush solution. You can use the bash script below to recursively detect and fix bad png profiles. Just pass it the full path to the directory you want to search for png files.

fixpng "/path/to/png/folder"

The script:

#!/bin/bash

FILES=$(find "$1" -type f -iname '*.png')

FIXED=0
for f in $FILES; do
    WARN=$(pngcrush -n -warn "$f" 2>&1)
    if [[ "$WARN" == *"PCS illuminant is not D50"* ]] || [[ "$WARN" == *"known incorrect sRGB profile"* ]]; then
        pngcrush -s -ow -rem allb -reduce "$f"
        FIXED=$((FIXED + 1))
    fi
done

echo "$FIXED errors fixed"
Respondent: slurry

Solution #9:

some background info on this:

Some changes in libpng version 1.6+ cause it to issue a warning or
even not work correctly with the original HP/MS sRGB profile, leading
to the following stderr: libpng warning: iCCP: known incorrect sRGB
profile The old profile uses a D50 whitepoint, where D65 is standard.
This profile is not uncommon, being used by Adobe Photoshop, although
it was not embedded into images by default.

(source: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Libpng_errors)

Error detection in some chunks has improved; in particular the iCCP
chunk reader now does pretty complete validation of the basic format.
Some bad profiles that were previously accepted are now rejected, in
particular the very old broken Microsoft/HP sRGB profile. The PNG spec
requirement that only grayscale profiles may appear in images with
color type 0 or 4 and that even if the image only contains gray
pixels, only RGB profiles may appear in images with color type 2, 3,
or 6, is now enforced. The sRGB chunk is allowed to appear in images
with any color type.

(source: https://forum.qt.io/topic/58638/solved-libpng-warning-iccp-known-incorrect-srgb-profile-drive-me-nuts/16)

Respondent: George Birbilis

Solution #10:

Using IrfanView image viewer in Windows, I simply resaved the PNG image and that corrected the problem.

Respondent: Neil Roy

Solution #11:

Extending the friederbluemle solution, download the pngcrush and then use the code like this if you are running it on multiple png files

path =r"C:\project\project\images" # path to all .png images
import os

png_files =[]

for dirpath, subdirs, files in os.walk(path):
    for x in files:
        if x.endswith(".png"):
            png_files.append(os.path.join(dirpath, x))

file =r'C:\Users\user\Downloads\pngcrush_1_8_9_w64.exe' #pngcrush file 


for name in png_files:
    cmd = r'{} -ow -rem allb -reduce {}'.format(file,name)
    os.system(cmd)

here all the png file related to projects are in 1 folder.

Respondent: sahasrara62

Solution #12:

I ran those two commands in the root of the project and its fixed.

Basically redirect the output of the “find” command to a text file to use as your list of files to process. Then you can read that text file into “mogrify” using the “@” flag:

find *.png -mtime -1 > list.txt

mogrify -resize 50% @list.txt

That would use “find” to get all the *.png images newer than 1 day and print them to a file named “list.txt”. Then “mogrify” reads that list, processes the images, and overwrites the originals with the resized versions. There may be minor differences in the behavior of “find” from one system to another, so you’ll have to check the man page for the exact usage.

Respondent: yadayada

Solution #13:

Here is a ridiculously brute force answer:

I modified the gradlew script. Here is my new exec command at the end of the file in the

exec "$JAVACMD" "${JVM_OPTS[@]}" -classpath "$CLASSPATH" org.gradle.wrapper.GradleWrapperMain "[email protected]" **| grep -v "libpng warning:"**
Respondent: Milk Run

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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