Question

[Solved] How to set timeout on python’s socket recv method?

I need to set timeout on python’s socket recv method. How to do it?

Solution #1:

The typical approach is to use select() to wait until data is available or until the timeout occurs. Only call recv() when data is actually available. To be safe, we also set the socket to non-blocking mode to guarantee that recv() will never block indefinitely. select() can also be used to wait on more than one socket at a time.

import select

mysocket.setblocking(0)

ready = select.select([mysocket], [], [], timeout_in_seconds)
if ready[0]:
    data = mysocket.recv(4096)

If you have a lot of open file descriptors, poll() is a more efficient alternative to select().

Another option is to set a timeout for all operations on the socket using socket.settimeout(), but I see that you’ve explicitly rejected that solution in another answer.

Respondent: Daniel Stutzbach

Solution #2:

there’s socket.settimeout()

Respondent: nosklo

Solution #3:

As mentioned both select.select() and socket.settimeout() will work.

Note you might need to call settimeout twice for your needs, e.g.

sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
sock.bind(("",0))
sock.listen(1)
# accept can throw socket.timeout
sock.settimeout(5.0)
conn, addr = sock.accept()

# recv can throw socket.timeout
conn.settimeout(5.0)
conn.recv(1024)
Respondent: ubershmekel

Solution #4:

You could set timeout before receiving the response and after having received the response set it back to None:

sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)

sock.settimeout(5.0)
data = sock.recv(1024)
sock.settimeout(None)
Respondent: noriko

Solution #5:

The timeout that you are looking for is the connection socket’s timeout not the primary socket’s, if you implement the server side. In other words, there is another timeout for the connection socket object, which is the output of socket.accept() method. Therefore:

sock.listen(1)
connection, client_address = sock.accept()
connection.settimeout(5)    # This is the one that affects recv() method.
connection.gettimeout()     # This should result 5
sock.gettimeout()           # This outputs None when not set previously, if I remember correctly.

If you implement the client side, it would be simple.

sock.connect(server_address)
sock.settimeout(3)
Respondent: Vala

Solution #6:

You can use socket.settimeout() which accepts a integer argument representing number of seconds. For example, socket.settimeout(1) will set the timeout to 1 second

Respondent: Brian Zheng

Solution #7:

try this it uses the underlying C.

timeval = struct.pack('ll', 2, 100)
s.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_RCVTIMEO, timeval)
Respondent: Mohammad Alkhaldi

Solution #8:

As mentioned in previous replies, you can use something like: .settimeout()
For example:

import socket

s = socket.socket()

s.settimeout(1) # Sets the socket to timeout after 1 second of no activity

host, port = "somehost", 4444
s.connect((host, port))

s.send("Hello World!rn")

try:
    rec = s.recv(100) # try to receive 100 bytes
except socket.timeout: # fail after 1 second of no activity
    print("Didn't receive data! [Timeout]")
finally:
    s.close()

I hope this helps!!

Respondent: meep

Solution #9:

#! /usr/bin/python3.6

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import socket
import time
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
s.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_BROADCAST, 1)
s.settimeout(5)
PORT = 10801

s.bind(('', PORT))
print('Listening for broadcast at ', s.getsockname())
BUFFER_SIZE = 4096
while True:
    try:
        data, address = s.recvfrom(BUFFER_SIZE)
    except socket.timeout:
        print("Didn't receive data! [Timeout 5s]")
        continue
Respondent: sheng

Solution #10:

Shout out to: https://boltons.readthedocs.io/en/latest/socketutils.html

It provides a buffered socket, this provides a lot of very useful functionality such as:

.recv_until()    #recv until occurrence of bytes
.recv_closed()   #recv until close
.peek()          #peek at buffer but don't pop values
.settimeout()    #configure timeout (including recv timeout)
Respondent: Caesurus

Solution #11:

Got a bit confused from the top answers so I’ve wrote a small gist with examples for better understanding.


Option #1 – socket.settimeout()

Will raise an exception in case the sock.recv() waits for more than the defined timeout.

import socket

sock = socket.create_connection(('neverssl.com', 80))
timeout_seconds = 2
sock.settimeout(timeout_seconds)
sock.send(b'GET / HTTP/1.1rnHost: neverssl.comrnrn')
data = sock.recv(4096)
data = sock.recv(4096) # <- will raise a socket.timeout exception here

Option #2 – select.select()

Waits until data is sent until the timeout is reached. I’ve tweaked Daniel’s answer so it will raise an exception

import select
import socket

def recv_timeout(sock, bytes_to_read, timeout_seconds):
    sock.setblocking(0)
    ready = select.select([sock], [], [], timeout_seconds)
    if ready[0]:
        return sock.recv(bytes_to_read)

    raise socket.timeout()

sock = socket.create_connection(('neverssl.com', 80))
timeout_seconds = 2
sock.send(b'GET / HTTP/1.1rnHost: neverssl.comrnrn')
data = recv_timeout(sock, 4096, timeout_seconds)
data = recv_timeout(sock, 4096, timeout_seconds) # <- will raise a socket.timeout exception here
Respondent: Jossef Harush

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