how can i convert YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss format to integer in python?
for example 2014-02-12 20:51:14 -> to integer.
i know how to convert only hh:mm:ss but not yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
def time_to_num(time_str): hh, mm , ss = map(int, time_str.split(':')) return ss + 60*(mm + 60*hh)
It depends on what the integer is supposed to encode. You could convert the date to a number of milliseconds from some previous time. People often do this affixed to 12:00 am January 1 1970, or 1900, etc., and measure time as an integer number of milliseconds from that point. The
datetime module (or others like it) will have functions that do this for you: for example, you can use
If you want to semantically encode the year, month, and day, one way to do it is to multiply those components by order-of-magnitude values large enough to juxtapose them within the integer digits:
2012-06-13 –> 20120613 = 10,000 * (2012) + 100 * (6) + 1*(13)
def to_integer(dt_time): return 10000*dt_time.year + 100*dt_time.month + dt_time.day
In : import datetime In : %cpaste Pasting code; enter '--' alone on the line to stop or use Ctrl-D. :def to_integer(dt_time): : return 10000*dt_time.year + 100*dt_time.month + dt_time.day : # Or take the appropriate chars from a string date representation. :-- In : to_integer(datetime.date(2012, 6, 13)) Out: 20120613
If you also want minutes and seconds, then just include further orders of magnitude as needed to display the digits.
I’ve encountered this second method very often in legacy systems, especially systems that pull date-based data out of legacy SQL databases.
It is very bad. You end up writing a lot of hacky code for aligning dates, computing month or day offsets as they would appear in the integer format (e.g. resetting the month back to 1 as you pass December, then incrementing the year value), and boiler plate for converting to and from the integer format all over.
Unless such a convention lives in a deep, low-level, and thoroughly tested section of the API you’re working on, such that everyone who ever consumes the data really can count on this integer representation and all of its helper functions, then you end up with lots of people re-writing basic date-handling routines all over the place.
It’s generally much better to leave the value in a date context, like
datetime.date, for as long as you possibly can, so that the operations upon it are expressed in a natural, date-based context, and not some lone developer’s personal hack into an integer.
I think I have a shortcut for that:
# Importing datetime. from datetime import datetime # Creating a datetime object so we can test. a = datetime.now() # Converting a to string in the desired format (YYYYMMDD) using strftime # and then to int. a = int(a.strftime('%Y%m%d'))
This in an example that can be used for example to feed a database key, I sometimes use instead of using AUTOINCREMENT options.
import datetime dt = datetime.datetime.now() seq = int(dt.strftime("%Y%m%d%H%M%S"))
When converting datetime to integers one must keep in mind the tens, hundreds and thousands…. like
“2018-11-03” must be like 20181103 in int
for that you have to
2018*10000 + 100* 11 + 3
Similarly another example,
“2018-11-03 10:02:05” must be like 20181103100205 in int
dt = datetime(2018,11,3,10,2,5) print (dt) #print (dt.timestamp()) # unix representation ... not useful when converting to int print (dt.strftime("%Y-%m-%d")) print (dt.year*10000 + dt.month* 100 + dt.day) print (int(dt.strftime("%Y%m%d"))) print (dt.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")) print (dt.year*10000000000 + dt.month* 100000000 +dt.day * 1000000 + dt.hour*10000 + dt.minute*100 + dt.second) print (int(dt.strftime("%Y%m%d%H%M%S")))
To avoid that doing manually use below function
def datetime_to_int(dt): return int(dt.strftime("%Y%m%d%H%M%S"))