Question

[Solved] How to add multiple files to Git at the same time

This will be my first git use. I have added new files ( a lot ) to the folder/project ( git local repository).

I went through online tutorials and forums and see i can do

git commit -a

So I go to the base folder of the repository and do a

sudo git commit -a

But then, some screens comes up and asks me to add a comment which i do. i do not know how to proceed or exit. I do not want to mess up so i did ctrl + Z and did not do anything.

Can you guys please outline the commands I need to use?

git commit -a 

and

git push?

Solution #1:

Use the git add command, followed by a list of space-separated filenames. Include paths if in other directories, e.g. directory-name/file-name.

git add file-1 file-2 file-3
Respondent: Reggie Pinkham

Solution #2:

To add all the changes you’ve made:

git add .

To commit them:

git commit -m "MY MESSAGE HERE" #-m is the message flag

You can put those steps together like this:

git commit -a -m "MY MESSAGE HERE"

To push your committed changes from your local repository to your remote repository:

git push origin master

You might have to type in your username/password for github after this. Here’s a good primer on using git. A bit old, but it covers what’s going on really well.

Respondent: dax

Solution #3:

As some have mentioned a possible way is using git interactive staging.
This is great when you have files with different extensions

$ git add -i
           staged     unstaged path
  1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
  2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
  3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb

*** Commands ***
  1: status     2: update      3: revert     4: add untracked
  5: patch      6: diff        7: quit       8: help
What now>

If you press 2 then enter you will get a list of available files to be added:

What now> 2
           staged     unstaged path
  1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
  2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
  3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
Update>>

Now you just have to insert the number of the files you want to add, so if we wanted to add TODO and index.html we would type 1,2

Update>> 1,2
           staged     unstaged path
* 1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
* 2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
  3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
Update>>

You see the * before the number? that means that the file was added.

Now imagine that you have 7 files and you want to add them all except the 7th? Sure we could type 1,2,3,4,5,6 but imagine instead of 7 we have 16, that would be quite cumbersome, the good thing we don’t need to type them all because we can use ranges,by typing 1-6

Update>> 1-6
           staged     unstaged path
* 1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
* 2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
* 3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
* 4:    unchanged        +5/-1 file4.html
* 5:    unchanged        +5/-1 file5.html
* 6:    unchanged        +5/-1 file6.html
  7:    unchanged        +5/-1 file7.html
Update>>

We can even use multiple ranges, so if we want from 1 to 3 and from 5 to 7 we type 1-3, 5-7:

Update>> 1-3, 5-7
           staged     unstaged path
* 1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
* 2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
* 3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
  4:    unchanged        +5/-1 file4.html
* 5:    unchanged        +5/-1 file5.html
* 6:    unchanged        +5/-1 file6.html
* 7:    unchanged        +5/-1 file7.html
Update>>

We can also use this to unstage files, if we type -number, so if we wanted to unstage file number 1 we would type -1:

Update>> -1
           staged     unstaged path
  1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
* 2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
* 3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
  4:    unchanged        +5/-1 file4.html
* 5:    unchanged        +5/-1 file5.html
* 6:    unchanged        +5/-1 file6.html
* 7:    unchanged        +5/-1 file7.html
Update>>

And as you can imagine we can also unstage a range of files, so if we type -range all the files on that range would be unstaged. If we wanted to unstage all the files from 5 to 7 we would type -5-7:

Update>> -5-7
           staged     unstaged path
  1:    unchanged        +0/-1 TODO
* 2:    unchanged        +1/-1 index.html
* 3:    unchanged        +5/-1 lib/simplegit.rb
  4:    unchanged        +5/-1 file4.html
  5:    unchanged        +5/-1 file5.html
  6:    unchanged        +5/-1 file6.html
  7:    unchanged        +5/-1 file7.html
Update>>
Respondent: Fabio Antunes

Solution #4:

You can also select multiple files like this

git add folder/subfolder/*

This will add all the files in the specified subfolder. Very useful when you edit a bunch of files but you just want to commit some of them…

Respondent: nadalsol

Solution #5:

If you want to add multiple files in a given folder you can split them using {,}. This is awesome for not repeating long paths, e.g.

git add long/path/{file1,file2,...,filen}

Beware not to put spaces between the ,.

Respondent: EliuX

Solution #6:

Simply use single quotations around each file name to ensure any with spaces work as expected

git add 'file1' 'file2' 'file3' 
Respondent: stevec

Solution #7:

When you change files or add a new ones in repository you first must stage them.

git add <file>

or if you want to stage all

git add .

By doing this you are telling to git what files you want in your next commit. Then you do:

git commit -m 'your message here'

You use

git push origin master

where origin is the remote repository branch and master is your local repository branch.

Respondent: somi

Solution #8:

? step1.

git init

? step2.

a) for all files

git add -a

b) only specific folder

git add <folder1> <folder2> <etc.>

? step3.

git commit -m "Your message about the commit"

? step4.

enter image description here

git remote add origin https://github.com/yourUsername/yourRepository.git

? step5.

git push -u origin master
git push origin master

if you are face this error than

 ! [rejected]        master -> master (fetch first)
error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/harishkumawat2610/Qt5-with-C-plus-plus.git'
hint: Updates were rejected because the remote contains work that you do
hint: not have locally. This is usually caused by another repository pushing
hint: to the same ref. You may want to first integrate the remote changes
hint: (e.g., 'git pull ...') before pushing again.
hint: See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.

? Use this command

git push --force origin master
Respondent: Harish Kumawat

Solution #9:

To add all the changes you’ve made:

git add .

To add single folder:

git add directory path

To add multiple folders:

git add folder1 folder2 folder3 foldern

To commit all the changes:

git commit -m "message"

To push your committed changes from your local repository to your remote repository:

git push origin branch name
Respondent: Ranjeet R Patil

Solution #10:

It sounds like git is launching your editor (probably vi) so that you can type a commit message. If you are not familiar with vi, it is easy to learn the basics. Alternatives are:

  • Use git commit -a -m "my first commit message" to specify the commit message on the command line (using this will not launch an editor)

  • Set the EDITOR environment variable to an editor that you are familiar with

Respondent: Greg Hewgill

Solution #11:

If you want to stage and commit all your files on Github do the following;

git add -A                                                                                
git commit -m "commit message"
git push origin master
Respondent: Johnson Ogwuru

Solution #12:

Try this:

git add file1
git commit file1
git push 
git add file2
git commit file2 --amend
git push 

Note: git commit without -m option will open an editor for your commit message.

Respondent: Sudhakar Bala

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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