I’m trying to collect some of my default settings, and one thing I realized I don’t have a standard for is .gitignore files. There’s a great thread showing a good .gitignore for Visual Studio projects, but I don’t see many recommendations for Python and related tools (PyGTK, Django).
So far, I have…
…for the compiled objects and…
…for the setuptools output.
What are some best practices for .gitignore files, and where can I go for more about these best practices?
When using buildout I have following in
.gitignore (along with
.installed.cfg bin develop-eggs dist downloads eggs parts src/*.egg-info lib lib64
Thanks to Jacob Kaplan-Moss
Also I tend to put
.svn in since we use several SCM-s where I work.
# Byte-compiled / optimized / DLL files __pycache__/ *.py[cod] # C extensions *.so # Distribution / packaging bin/ build/ develop-eggs/ dist/ eggs/ lib/ lib64/ parts/ sdist/ var/ *.egg-info/ .installed.cfg *.egg # Installer logs pip-log.txt pip-delete-this-directory.txt # Unit test / coverage reports .tox/ .coverage .cache nosetests.xml coverage.xml # Translations *.mo # Mr Developer .mr.developer.cfg .project .pydevproject # Rope .ropeproject # Django stuff: *.log *.pot # Sphinx documentation docs/_build/
Covers most of the general stuff –
# Byte-compiled / optimized / DLL files __pycache__/ *.py[cod] *$py.class # C extensions *.so # Distribution / packaging .Python build/ develop-eggs/ dist/ downloads/ eggs/ .eggs/ lib/ lib64/ parts/ sdist/ var/ wheels/ *.egg-info/ .installed.cfg *.egg MANIFEST # PyInstaller # Usually these files are written by a python script from a template # before PyInstaller builds the exe, so as to inject date/other infos into it. *.manifest *.spec # Installer logs pip-log.txt pip-delete-this-directory.txt # Unit test / coverage reports htmlcov/ .tox/ .coverage .coverage.* .cache nosetests.xml coverage.xml *.cover .hypothesis/ .pytest_cache/ # Translations *.mo *.pot # Django stuff: *.log local_settings.py db.sqlite3 # Flask stuff: instance/ .webassets-cache # Scrapy stuff: .scrapy # Sphinx documentation docs/_build/ # PyBuilder target/ # Jupyter Notebook .ipynb_checkpoints # pyenv .python-version # celery beat schedule file celerybeat-schedule # SageMath parsed files *.sage.py # Environments .env .venv env/ venv/ ENV/ env.bak/ venv.bak/ # Spyder project settings .spyderproject .spyproject # Rope project settings .ropeproject # mkdocs documentation /site # mypy .mypy_cache/
Reference: python .gitignore
local_settings.py, for django projects.
*~ for all projects.
One question is if you also want to use git for the deploment of your projects. If so you probably would like to exclude your local sqlite file from the repository, same probably applies to file uploads (mostly in your media folder). (I’m talking about django now, since your question is also tagged with django)
Here are some other files that may be left behind by setuptools: