I’m getting a ValueError when running python manage.py test. My project is named fellow_go, and I’m currently working on an App called pickup.

Please note that this error is added in a relatively recent commit to Django: Fixed #24452 — Fixed HashedFilesMixin correctness with nested paths..

ERROR: test_view_url_exists_at_desired_location (pickup.tests.test_view.HomePageViewTest)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/PycharmProjects/fellow_go/pickup/tests/test_view.py", line 10, in test_view_url_exists_at_desired_location
    resp = self.client.get("https://stackoverflow.com/", follow=True)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/client.py", line 536, in get
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/client.py", line 340, in get
    return self.generic('GET', path, secure=secure, **r)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/client.py", line 416, in generic
    return self.request(**r)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/client.py", line 501, in request
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 686, in reraise
    raise value
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/handlers/exception.py", line 41, in inner
    response = get_response(request)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py", line 217, in _get_response
    response = self.process_exception_by_middleware(e, request)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py", line 215, in _get_response
    response = response.render()
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/response.py", line 107, in render
    self.content = self.rendered_content
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/response.py", line 84, in rendered_content
    content = template.render(context, self._request)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/backends/django.py", line 66, in render
    return self.template.render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/base.py", line 207, in render
    return self._render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/utils.py", line 107, in instrumented_test_render
    return self.nodelist.render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/base.py", line 990, in render
    bit = node.render_annotated(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/base.py", line 957, in render_annotated
    return self.render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/loader_tags.py", line 177, in render
    return compiled_parent._render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/test/utils.py", line 107, in instrumented_test_render
    return self.nodelist.render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/base.py", line 990, in render
    bit = node.render_annotated(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/template/base.py", line 957, in render_annotated
    return self.render(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/templatetags/static.py", line 105, in render
    url = self.url(context)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/templatetags/static.py", line 102, in url
    return self.handle_simple(path)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/templatetags/static.py", line 117, in handle_simple
    return staticfiles_storage.url(path)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/contrib/staticfiles/storage.py", line 162, in url
    return self._url(self.stored_name, name, force)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/contrib/staticfiles/storage.py", line 141, in _url
    hashed_name = hashed_name_func(*args)
  File "/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/contrib/staticfiles/storage.py", line 432, in stored_name
    raise ValueError("Missing staticfiles manifest entry for '%s'" % clean_name)
ValueError: Missing staticfiles manifest entry for 'favicon.ico'



STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles')

STATIC_URL = '/static/'

    os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "static"),

# ......

# Simplified static file serving.
# https://warehouse.python.org/project/whitenoise/
STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'whitenoise.django.GzipManifestStaticFilesStorage'


urlpatterns = i18n_patterns(
    url(r'^$', HomePageView.as_view(), name="index"),
    url(r'^pickup/', include('pickup.urls')),
    url(r'^accounts/', include('django.contrib.auth.urls')),
    url(r'^admin/', admin.site.urls),
) + static(settings.STATIC_URL, document_root=settings.STATIC_ROOT)


class HomePageView(TemplateView):



<link rel="icon" href="https://stackoverflow.com/questions/44160666/{% static"favicon.ico" %}">


class HomePageViewTest(TestCase):

    def test_view_url_exists_at_desired_location(self):
        resp = self.client.get("https://stackoverflow.com/", follow=True)
        self.assertEqual(resp.status_code, 200)

Any I do have a favicon.ico file:

enter image description here

Strangely, no errors occur with python manage.py runserver:

/Users/sunqingyao/Envs/django_tutorial/bin/python3.6 /Users/sunqingyao/PycharmProjects/fellow_go/manage.py runserver 8000
Performing system checks...

System check identified no issues (0 silenced).
May 24, 2017 - 22:09:25
Django version 1.11.1, using settings 'fellow_go.settings'
Starting development server at
Quit the server with CONTROL-C.
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 6276
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/css/style.min.css HTTP/1.1" 200 2474
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/css/ie10-viewport-bug-workaround.css HTTP/1.1" 200 430
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/js/ie10-viewport-bug-workaround.js HTTP/1.1" 200 685
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/js/opt-in.js HTTP/1.1" 200 511
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/css/datetimepicker.css HTTP/1.1" 200 12351
[24/May/2017 22:09:28] "GET /static/js/bootstrap-datetimepicker.js HTTP/1.1" 200 55741
[24/May/2017 22:09:35] "GET /static/favicon.ico HTTP/1.1" 200 766
Not Found: /apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png
[24/May/2017 22:09:35] "GET /apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png HTTP/1.1" 404 2678
Not Found: /apple-touch-icon.png
[24/May/2017 22:09:35] "GET /apple-touch-icon.png HTTP/1.1" 404 2642

Please tell me what’s wrong with my code.

Try running:

python manage.py collectstatic

Does the test work now? If so, this might be the configuration causing a problem:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'whitenoise.django.GzipManifestStaticFilesStorage'

as of whitenoise v4 this will fail and you should use:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'whitenoise.storage.CompressedManifestStaticFilesStorage'


Check out the Django documentation:

Just sharing the solution I had to this issue in case it helps anyone else.

I was accidentally including the leading “https://stackoverflow.com/” in some static URLs which caused them to be missing from the manifest.

The solution was to replace all instances of:

{% static '/path/to/some/file' %}


{% static 'path/to/some/file' %}

and then everything worked properly.

If you want to continue to use the WhiteNoise module in your Django 1.11 (or newer) project while preventing this “Missing staticfiles manifest entry” error, you need to disable the manifest_strict attribute by means of inheritance, as noted in Django documentation.

How to accomplish that?

Firstly, create a storage.py file in your project directory:

from whitenoise.storage import CompressedManifestStaticFilesStorage

class WhiteNoiseStaticFilesStorage(CompressedManifestStaticFilesStorage):
    manifest_strict = False

Secondly, edit the STATICFILES_STORAGE constant in your settings.py file to point to this new class, such as:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'my_project.storage.WhiteNoiseStaticFilesStorage'

That not necessarily happens with whitenoise package. Changing STATIC_STORAGE to django.contrib.staticfiles.storage.ManifestStaticFilesStorage will produce the same error while running tests starting with Django 1.11.

That happens because ManifestStaticFilesStorage expects staticfiles.json to exist and contain the file asked. You can confirm this by running ./manage.py collectstatic and trying again.

You don’t generally see this error in development because when DEBUG == True, ManifestStaticFilesStorage switches to non-hashed urls.

To overcome this you’ve got to make sure that:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'django.contrib.staticfiles.storage.StaticFilesStorage'

Which is the default.

One way would be to override settings for the test class:

from django.test import TestCase, override_settings
class MyTest(TestCase):

or the method:

from django.test import TestCase, override_settings
class MyTest(TestCase):
    def test_something(self):

Django raises this exception if you reference a static file during your tests, but you haven’t run ./manage.py collectstatic since creating that file (see these docs).

The recommended way to resolve this is:

During testing, ensure that the STATICFILES_STORAGE setting is set to something else like ‘django.contrib.staticfiles.storage.StaticFilesStorage’ (the default).

Here’s a simple way to do that in your settings.py:

import sys

TESTING = len(sys.argv) > 1 and sys.argv[1] == 'test'

    if TESTING
    else 'whitenoise.storage.CompressedManifestStaticFilesStorage'

In the latest version of Whitenoise (currently 5.2) you can now do..


I had the same issue; where I was getting “Missing static files manifest entry for” every time I ran my server with DEBUG = False.

It took me many hours to figure out that the problem was with including “/” at the start of my static links.

For example:
{% static ‘/app/styles/main.css’ %} instead of {% static ‘app/styles/main.css’ %}

I had the same issue and I fixed by changing STATICFILES_STORAGE to:

STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'cloudinary_storage.storage.StaticHashedCloudinaryStorage'

Then you should run:

python manage.py collectstatic

i have this in my setting.py

DEBUG = False
    from .local_setting import *
except ImportError:

after I removed the try block, everything work again.

This answer helped my solve this problem.

First add this in settings.py

'version': 1,
'disable_existing_loggers': False,
'formatters': {
    'verbose': {
        'format': ('%(asctime)s [%(process)d] [%(levelname)s] '
                   'pathname=%(pathname)s lineno=%(lineno)s '
                   'funcname=%(funcName)s %(message)s'),
        'datefmt': '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S'
    'simple': {
        'format': '%(levelname)s %(message)s'
'handlers': {
    'null': {
        'level': 'DEBUG',
        'class': 'logging.NullHandler',
    'console': {
        'level': 'INFO',
        'class': 'logging.StreamHandler',
        'formatter': 'verbose'
'loggers': {
    'django': {
        'handlers': ['console'],
        'level': 'DEBUG',
        'propagate': True,
    'django.request': {
        'handlers': ['console'],
        'level': 'DEBUG',
        'propagate': False,

And then add this at end of your settings.py, if you are using django-heroku:

django_heroku.settings(config=locals(), staticfiles=False,logging=False)

env: Python 3.8, Django 3.1.5

Basically i don’t use whitenoise. In my opinion Django’s ManifestStaticFilesStorage class do the great job in collect staticfiles. It add unique hash, works fast and don’t need any other dependencies.

On production serwer (where staticfiles are served by nginx from ‘public’ folder) my staticfiles settings looks like below:

STATIC_URL = '/static/'
STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'public', 'static')
    os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static')

STATICFILES_STORAGE = "django.contrib.staticfiles.storage.ManifestStaticFilesStorage"

and that’s all. With this configuration after run python manage.py collectstatic Django will get all files from static folder and move it into public. It will also create copy of each file with unique id and will create staticfiles.json which contain all staticfiles map with original static files names and its “hashed” version, e.g.

{... "css/main.css": "css/main.31cdb680414e.css", main.js": "main.b08f762abac7.js"...}

With this approach if you use in your template: {% static 'images/my-image.jpg' %} it will be converted into path_to_image/my-image.828172380.jpg
What is quite convinience especially if you change something in your css or js files and want to apply changes to all without necessity of clearing browser cache.

One important note
You can face issue described here “Missing staticfiles manifest for… ” if you will add staticfiles with slash at the beginning. So in your template:

This will work

<div class="slide slide1" style="background-image: url("https://stackoverflow.com/questions/44160666/{% static"images/slider/129557309.jpg' %}');">

This is wrong and won’t work, you will have exception

<div class="slide slide1" style="background-image: url("https://stackoverflow.com/questions/44160666/{% static"/images/slider/129557309.jpg' %}');">

It’s small difference but you have to remember it. Hope it will be helpfull 🙂

In my case, I am not sure why it happens, but after I removed the heroku settings django_heroku.settings(locals()) everything worked again.

In my case this was occurring because I am using nginx (Docker) to serve the static images. This is occurring when the app is running, not during testing like the OP.

The issue was that I was declaring the STATIC_ROOT to be outside of the Django app:

STATIC_ROOT = "../staticfiles"

I did this so that the assets were not unnecessarily copied onto the Django container. This works fine if you use the default STATICFILES_STORAGE, but when using ManifestStaticFilesStorage, the static file lookup fails because it cannot find manifest file asset in directory on the Django container.

The solution is simply to declare static files to be present on the Django image:

STATIC_ROOT = "staticfiles"

This does create to copies of the static files: one copy on the nginx container, and one on Django, but it means that the Django lookup logic succeeds, even though the files are served from nginx.

Another option would be to disable the manifest_strict attribute:


If a file isn’t found in the staticfiles.json manifest at runtime, a
ValueError is raised. This behavior can be disabled by subclassing
ManifestStaticFilesStorage and setting the manifest_strict attribute to
False – nonexistent paths will remain unchanged.

An actual solution can be found here
first step is to manually try to find you’re static files using
python manage.py findstatic <your static files>
you need to do this for every static files.
second step
STATIC_ROOT = "staticfiles" STATICFILES_STORAGE = 'whitenoise.storage.CompressedManifestStaticFilesStorage'
third step is to do python manage.py collectstatic
and after that it should be working but if isn’t then try to run
python manage.py findstatic <your static files> you can pass multiple filenames to it and if it doesn’t find any of the static files that means django doesn’t expect them to be there. If you still want to keep them there then add them to STATICFILES_DIRS = [] then retry python manage.py findstatic <your static files> and if everything is ok then try to do python manage.py collectstatic again

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