Just starting to play around with Flask on a local server and I’m noticing the request/response times are way slower than I feel they should be.

Just a simple server like the following takes close to 5 seconds to respond.

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route("https://stackoverflow.com/")
def index():
    return "index"

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run()

Any ideas? Or is this just how the local server is?

Ok I figured it out. It appears to be an issue with Werkzeug and os’s that support ipv6.

From the Werkzeug site http://werkzeug.pocoo.org/docs/serving/:

On operating systems that support ipv6 and have it configured such as modern Linux systems, OS X 10.4 or higher as well as Windows Vista some browsers can be painfully slow if accessing your local server. The reason for this is that sometimes “localhost” is configured to be available on both ipv4 and ipv6 socktes and some browsers will try to access ipv6 first and then ivp4.

So the fix is to disable ipv6 from the localhost by commenting out the following line from my hosts file:

::1             localhost 

Once I do this the latency problems go away.

I’m really digging Flask and I’m glad that it’s not a problem with the framework. I knew it couldn’t be.

Add “threaded=True” as an argument to app.run(), as suggested here:
http://arusahni.net/blog/2013/10/flask-multithreading.html

For example: app.run(host="0.0.0.0", port=8080, threaded=True)

The ipv6-disabling solution did not work for me, but this did.

Instead of calling http://localhost:port/endpoint call http://127.0.0.1:port/endpoint.
This removed the initial 500ms delay for me.

The solution from @sajid-siddiqi is technically correct, but keep in mind that the built-in WSGI server in Werkzeug (which is packaged into Flask and what it uses for app.run()) is only single-threaded.

Install a WSGI server to be able to handle multi-threaded behavior. I did a bunch of research on various WSGI server performances. Your needs may vary, but if all you’re using is Flask, then I would recommend one of the following webservers.

Update (2020-07-25): It looks like gevent started supporting python3 5 years ago, shortly after I commented that it didn’t, so you can use gevent now.

gevent

You can install gevent through pip with the command pip install gevent or pip3 with the command pip3 install gevent. Instructions on how to modify your code accordingly are here: https://flask.palletsprojects.com/en/1.1.x/deploying/wsgi-standalone/#gevent

meinheld

gevent is better, but from all the benchmarks I’ve looked at that involve real-world testing, meinheld seems to be the most straightforward, simplistic WSGI server. (You could also take a look at uWSGI if you don’t mind some more configuration.)

You can also install meinheld through pip3 with the command pip3 install meinheld. From there, look at the sample provided in the meinheld source to integrate Flask: https://github.com/mopemope/meinheld/blob/master/example/flask_sample.py

*NOTE: From my use of PyCharm, the line from meinheld import server highlights as an error, but the server will run, so you can ignore the error.

My problem was solved by “threaded=True”, but I want to give some background to distinguish my problem from others for which this may not do it.

  1. My issue only arose when running Flask with python3. Switching to python2, I no longer had this issue.
  2. My problem manifested only when accessing the api with Chrome, at which point, Chrome displayed the expected screen, but everything else hung (curl, ffx, etc) until I either reloaded or closed the Chrome tab, at which point everything else that was waiting around returned a result.

My best guess is that Chrome was trying to keep the session open and Flask was blocking the subsequent requests. As soon as the connection from Chrome was stopped or reset, everything else was processed.

In my case, threading fixed it. Of course, I’m now going through some of the links others have provided to make sure that it’s not going to cause any other issues.

threaded=True works for me, but finally I figured out that the issue is due to foxyproxy on firefox. Since when the flask app is running on localhost, slow response happens if

  • foxyproxy is enabled on firefox

slow response won’t happen if

  • foxyproxy is disabled on firefox

  • access the website using other browsers

The only solution I found is to disable foxyproxy, tried to add localhost to proxy blacklist and tweak settings but none of them worked.

I used Miheko’s response to solve my issue.

::1 localhost was already commented out on my hosts file, and setting Threaded=true didn’t work for me. Every REST request was taking 1 second to process instead of being instant.

I’m using python 3.6, and I got flask to be fast and responsive to REST requests by making flask use gevent as its WSGI.

To use gevent, install it with pip install gevent

Afterwards, I used the https://gist.github.com/viksit/b6733fe1afdf5bb84a40#file-async_flask-py-L41 to set flask to use gevent.

Incase the link goes down, here’s the important parts of the script:

from flask import Flask, Response
from gevent.pywsgi import WSGIServer
from gevent import monkey

# need to patch sockets to make requests async
# you may also need to call this before importing other packages that setup ssl
monkey.patch_all()

app = Flask(__name__) 


# define some REST endpoints... 

def main():

    # use gevent WSGI server instead of the Flask
    # instead of 5000, you can define whatever port you want.
    http = WSGIServer(('', 5000), app.wsgi_app) 

    # Serve your application
    http.serve_forever()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

I got this error when running on hosts other than localhost as well, so for some, different underlying problems may exhibit the same symptoms.

I switched most of the things I’ve been using to Tornado, and anecdotally it’s helped an amount. I’ve had a few slow page loads, but things seem generally more responsive. Also, very anecdotal, but I seem to notice that Flask alone will slow down over time, but Flask + Tornado less so. I imagine using Apache and mod_wsgi would make things even better, but Tornado’s really simple to set up (see http://flask.pocoo.org/docs/deploying/others/).

(Also, a related question: Flask app occasionally hanging)

I had a different solution here. I just deleted all .pyc from the server’s directory and started it again.
By the way, localhost was already commented out in my hosts file (Windows 8).

The server was freezing the whole time and now it works fine again.