I have a short Python script that needs to run at startup – Ubuntu 13.10. I have tried everything I can think of but can’t get it to run. The script:

#!/usr/bin/python
import time
with open("/home/username/Desktop/startup.txt", 'a') as f:
    f.write(str(time.time()) + " It worked!")

(The actual script is a bit different, as I’m just using this for testing purposes, but you get the idea.)

I’ve tried all of the following, with no luck:

  • Put the command python startuptest.py in crontab, as @reboot
    python /home/username/Documents/startuptest.py
    , both as the regular user and as sudo

  • Put the command python /home/username/Documents/startuptest.py in /etc/rc.local

  • Opened Ubuntu’s Startup Applications and put the command there

  • Done all of the preceding, putting the command into a shell script
    and calling that shell script instead

Nothing works. I get the feeling I’m missing something simple. Any ideas? (The script runs fine if I just run the command from a terminal.)

Instructions

  • Copy the python file to /bin:

    sudo cp -i /path/to/your_script.py /bin

  • Add A New Cron Job:

    sudo crontab -e

    Scroll to the bottom and add the following line (after all the #'s):

    @reboot python /bin/your_script.py &

    The “&” at the end of the line means the command is run in the background and it won’t stop the system booting up.

  • Test it:

    sudo reboot

Practical example:

  • Add this file to your Desktop: test_code.py (run it to check that it works for you)

    from os.path import expanduser
    import datetime
    
    file = open(expanduser("~") + '/Desktop/HERE.txt', 'w')
    file.write("It worked!\n" + str(datetime.datetime.now()))
    file.close()
    
  • Run the following commands:

    sudo cp -i ~/Desktop/test_code.py /bin

    sudo crontab -e

  • Add the following line and save it:

    @reboot python /bin/test_code.py &

  • Now reboot your computer and you should find a new file on your Desktop: HERE.txt

Put this in /etc/init (Use /etc/systemd in Ubuntu 15.x)

mystartupscript.conf

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

exec /path/to/script.py

By placing this conf file there you hook into ubuntu’s upstart service that runs services on startup.

manual starting/stopping is done with
sudo service mystartupscript start
and
sudo service mystartupscript stop

If you are on Ubuntu you don’t need to write any other code except your Python file’s code , Here are the Steps :-

  • Open Dash (The First Icon In Sidebar).
  • Then type Startup Applications and open that app.
  • Here Click the Add Button on the right.
  • There fill in the details and in the command area browse for your Python File and click Ok.
  • Test it by Restarting System . Done . Enjoy !!

Create file ~/.config/autostart/MyScript.desktop
with

[Desktop Entry]
Encoding=UTF-8
Name=MyScript
Comment=MyScript
Icon=gnome-info
Exec=python /home/your_path/script.py
Terminal=false
Type=Application
Categories=

X-GNOME-Autostart-enabled=true
X-GNOME-Autostart-Delay=0

It helps me!

In similar situations, I’ve done well by putting something like the following into /etc/rc.local:

cd /path/to/my/script
./my_script.py &
cd -
echo `date +%Y-%b-%d_%H:%M:%S` > /tmp/ran_rc_local  # check that rc.local ran

This has worked on multiple versions of Fedora and on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, for both python and perl scripts.

nano /etc/rc.local

and edit in

python ~/path-to-script.py

worked for me