I would like to add a moving average calculation to my exchange time series.

Original data from Quandl

Exchange = Quandl.get("BUNDESBANK/BBEX3_D_SEK_USD_CA_AC_000",
                      authtoken="xxxxxxx")

#               Value
# Date               
# 1989-01-02  6.10500
# 1989-01-03  6.07500
# 1989-01-04  6.10750
# 1989-01-05  6.15250
# 1989-01-09  6.25500
# 1989-01-10  6.24250
# 1989-01-11  6.26250
# 1989-01-12  6.23250
# 1989-01-13  6.27750
# 1989-01-16  6.31250

# Calculating Moving Avarage
MovingAverage = pd.rolling_mean(Exchange,5)

#               Value
# Date          
# 1989-01-02      NaN
# 1989-01-03      NaN
# 1989-01-04      NaN
# 1989-01-05      NaN
# 1989-01-09  6.13900
# 1989-01-10  6.16650
# 1989-01-11  6.20400
# 1989-01-12  6.22900
# 1989-01-13  6.25400
# 1989-01-16  6.26550

I would like to add the calculated Moving Average as a new column to the right after Value using the same index (Date). Preferably I would also like to rename the calculated moving average to MA.

The rolling mean returns a Series you only have to add it as a new column of your DataFrame (MA) as described below.

For information, the rolling_mean function has been deprecated in pandas newer versions. I have used the new method in my example, see below a quote from the pandas documentation.

Warning Prior to version 0.18.0, pd.rolling_*, pd.expanding_*, and pd.ewm* were module level functions and are now deprecated. These are replaced by using the Rolling, Expanding and EWM. objects and a corresponding method call.

df['MA'] = df.rolling(window=5).mean()

print(df)
#             Value    MA
# Date                   
# 1989-01-02   6.11   NaN
# 1989-01-03   6.08   NaN
# 1989-01-04   6.11   NaN
# 1989-01-05   6.15   NaN
# 1989-01-09   6.25  6.14
# 1989-01-10   6.24  6.17
# 1989-01-11   6.26  6.20
# 1989-01-12   6.23  6.23
# 1989-01-13   6.28  6.25
# 1989-01-16   6.31  6.27

A moving average can also be calculated and visualized directly in a line chart by using the following code:

Example using stock price data:

import pandas_datareader.data as web
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import datetime
plt.style.use('ggplot')

# Input variables
start = datetime.datetime(2016, 1, 01)
end = datetime.datetime(2018, 3, 29)
stock = 'WFC'

# Extrating data
df = web.DataReader(stock,'morningstar', start, end)
df = df['Close']

print df 

plt.plot(df['WFC'],label="Close")
plt.plot(df['WFC'].rolling(9).mean(),label="MA 9 days")
plt.plot(df['WFC'].rolling(21).mean(),label="MA 21 days")
plt.legend(loc="best")
plt.title('Wells Fargo\nClose and Moving Averages')
plt.show()

Tutorial on how to do this: https://youtu.be/XWAPpyF62Vg

In case you are calculating more than one moving average:

for i in range(2,10):
   df['MA{}'.format(i)] = df.rolling(window=i).mean()

Then you can do an aggregate average of all the MA

df[[f for f in list(df) if "MA" in f]].mean(axis=1)

To get the moving average in pandas we can use cum_sum and then divide by count.

Here is the working example:

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame({'id': range(5),
                   'value': range(100,600,100)})

# some other similar statistics
df['cum_sum'] = df['value'].cumsum()
df['count'] = range(1,len(df['value'])+1)
df['mov_avg'] = df['cum_sum'] / df['count']

# other statistics
df['rolling_mean2'] = df['value'].rolling(window=2).mean()

print(df)

output

   id  value  cum_sum  count  mov_avg     rolling_mean2
0   0    100      100      1    100.0           NaN
1   1    200      300      2    150.0           150.0
2   2    300      600      3    200.0           250.0
3   3    400     1000      4    250.0           350.0
4   4    500     1500      5    300.0           450.0