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Types, Examples and Characteristics of Applied Research

Types, Examples and Characteristics of Applied Research

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Applied research is a study design that aims to address a particular issue or offer creative solutions to problems impacting a person, a group, or society. It is frequently referred to as a scientific method because it employs the practical use of existing scientific techniques to arrive at the specified solutions. Like in regular research, the researcher identifies the issue, develops the hypothesis, and conducts experiments to verify it. It looks at the results of basic or pure research in further detail. Applied research has profound significance in providing practical solutions to simple and complex issues. This article will tell you everything you need to know about applied research.

What is Applied Research?

An investigation known as applied research looks for workable solutions to existing problems. Challenges in the economy, academia, and society can be among them. This kind of research gathers further data about a subject of study through empirical approaches, including experiments. After the completion of a study, its findings are usually applied and put into practice. It is a research strategy for enhancing human welfare by using natural sciences in everyday situations.

What are the different types of applied research?

Applied research has the following types:

1. Evaluation Research

Evaluation research aims to arrive at accurate conclusions or make well-informed decisions by analysing the facts already available about a study topic. This kind of applied research is typically used in corporate settings; for example, a company might use evaluation research to figure out how to reduce overhead expenditures. Governments think tanks and policy-making institutes also use evaluation research to analyse the existing data and draw valid inferences for making informed decisions.

2. Research and Development

The goal of research and development is to create new goods and services in accordance with current market trends. Businesses employ this strategy to comprehend emerging market trends and create their products in line with consumer wants and aspirations or to enhance already-existing ones. Governments also conduct research and development and have separate departments that seek to research complex issues affecting society and devise appropriate solutions. 

3. Action Research

Action research is a subset of applied research that advises the business on practically solving particular challenges. Action research is typically a critical inquiry approach that is situational and restricted to particular circumstances. Similarly, governments and non-governmental organisations also use action research to devise solutions for a context-specific issues.

Examples of Applied Research

Applied research is relevant to many disciplines, especially natural and social sciences. The below-mentioned examples will further demonstrate the significance of applied research:

1. Business

Firm needs applied research to expand their knowledge and create new business options. It enables businesses to recognise the unique requirements of their market segments, which helps them develop various business approaches that would allow them to meet those requirements. Additionally, carrying out evaluation or action research can assist large corporations in obtaining meaningful input on market gaps that could otherwise have gone unnoticed.

Gaining firsthand knowledge of intended audience responses in this way might help brands make better judgments. Companies can also discover and meet the demands of their workers in terms of productivity with the aid of applied research. For instance, an organisation might conduct applied research to assess the efficacy of its hiring procedures or organisational design.

2. Education

Applied research is utilised in education to examine instructional techniques and identify the most effective teaching and learning strategies. Additionally, it is used to test policy initiatives before they are put into practice and to solve various problems related to teaching methodologies and classroom practices for a better educational experience.

Applied educational research tries to solve an issue by collecting data from primary sources using qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques. The data is used as empirical evidence to draw reliable conclusions and is analysed and described in detail. This study technique aims to evaluate the relevance of educational theory and ideas through the experimental testing of hypotheses in particular contexts. This kind of research is pragmatic because it gathers real-world data that might guide practical problem-solving.

What are the characteristics of applied research?

1. Solution Driven

Applied research aims to identify a solution to a particular issue. In applied research, researchers frequently assist clients and are motivated by their needs. It differs from basic research, which typically originates from an individual’s desire to acquire more knowledge about a subject.

2. Discovery of new knowledge

Applied research aims to discover new information by seeking to devise solutions for a problem. They are a great tool for falsifying or proving the predictions of a theory. The techniques employed in devising practical solutions for a problem help the researchers discover new knowledge.

3. Praxis

Practicality is the hallmark of applied research, which moves from theory to practice. It is a practical extension of theory, and solution-driven approaches help the researchers refute the false paradigms.

4. Monetary Benefits

The commercial benefits of applied research are typically greater. It is because applied research can generate financial advantage and aid in developing new goods. Governments and businesses frequently prefer applied research to basic research.

What are the research methods used in applied research?

Students often have to conduct practical research projects to complete their degrees. However, they often do not know about the practical ways of how to conduct applied research. In applied research, qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques are utilised to acquire empirical data that is later exposed to testing to produce reliable study findings. Students can learn from the below-mentioned techniques, or they can always reach out to Dissertation Writing Service for getting help in their action-based projects.

1. Interviews

An interview is a qualitative data collection technique that entails speaking with research respondents to elicit pertinent information that can be used as empirical data. Interviews enable the researcher to acquire the most pertinent information, giving him or her an in-depth understanding of the study participants.

2. Surveys and Questionnaires

A questionnaire is a tool that is frequently used to collect quantitative data. The study subjects are asked to select from a list of questions related to the research setting or submit answers representing their knowledge and experiences. It is a more frequent data collection approach in action-oriented research.

Conclusion

Applied research is a systematic approach to testing theories by empirically verifying the claims of a theory. It seeks to apply the concepts and theories in the real-world context and devise practical solutions for problems affecting society or individuals.

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