How to get pip to work behind a proxy server [duplicate]

Each Answer to this Q is separated by one/two green lines.

I am trying to use python package manager pip to install a package and it’s dependencies from the internet. However I am behind a proxy in my college and have already set the http_proxy environment variable. But when I try to install a package like this:

pip install TwitterApi

I get this error in the log file:

Getting page
Could not fetch URL <urlopen error [Errno 111] Connection refused>
Will skip URL when looking for download links for TwitterApi
Getting page
Could not fetch URL <urlopen error [Errno 111] Connection refused>

I even tried setting my proxy variable explicitly like this:

pip install --proxy http://user:[email protected]:port TwitterApi

But I still get the same error. How do I get pip to work behind a proxy server.

The pip’s proxy parameter is, according to pip --help, in the form scheme://[user:[email protected]]proxy.server:port

You should use the following:

pip install --proxy http://user:[email protected]:port TwitterApi

Also, the HTTP_PROXY env var should be respected.

Note that in earlier versions (couldn’t track down the change in the code, sorry, but the doc was updated here), you had to leave the scheme:// part out for it to work, i.e. pip install --proxy user:[email protected]:port

At least for pip 1.3.1, it honors the http_proxy and https_proxy environment variables. Make sure you define both, as it will access the PYPI index using https.

export https_proxy="http://<proxy.server>:<port>"
pip install TwitterApi

Old thread, I know, but for future reference, the –proxy option is now passed with an “=”


$ sudo pip install --proxy=http://yourproxy:yourport package_name

First Try to set proxy using the following command

SET HTTPS_PROXY=http://proxy.***.com:PORT#

Then Try using the command

pip install ModuleName

On Ubuntu, you can set proxy by using

export http_proxy=http://username:[email protected]:port
export https_proxy=http://username:[email protected]:port

or if you are having SOCKS error use

export all_proxy=http://username:[email protected]:port

Then run pip

sudo -E pip3 install {packageName}

at least pip3 also works without “=”, however, instead of “http” you might need “https”

Final command, which worked for me:

sudo pip3 install --proxy https://{proxy}:{port} {BINARY}

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .