How to check existence of a folder and then remove it?

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I want to remove dataset folder from dataset3 folder. But the following code is not removing dataset.
First I want to check if dataset already exist in dataset then remove dataset.
Can some one please point out my mistake in following code?

for files in os.listdir("dataset3"):
    if os.path.exists("dataset"):
        os.system("rm -rf "+"dataset")

os.rmdir() only works if the directory is empty, however shutil.rmtree() doesn’t care (even if there are subdirectories). It’s also more portable than using the rm command via os.system().

import os
import shutil

dirpath = os.path.join('dataset3', 'dataset')
if os.path.exists(dirpath) and os.path.isdir(dirpath):

Modern approach

In Python 3.4+ you can do same thing using the pathlib module to make the code more object-oriented and readable:

from pathlib import Path
import shutil

dirpath = Path('dataset3') / 'dataset'
if dirpath.exists() and dirpath.is_dir():

os.remove() is to remove a file.

os.rmdir() is to remove an empty directory.

shutil.rmtree() is to delete a directory and all its contents.

import os

folder = "dataset3/"

# Method 1
for files in os.listdir(folder):
    if files == "dataset":
        os.remove(folder + "dataset")

# Method 2
if os.path.exists(folder + "dataset"):
    os.remove(folder + "dataset")

Better to set ignore_errors:

import shutil

shutil.rmtree('/folder_name', ignore_errors=True)

This is much more readable, and concise.

Note that it will ignore all errors, not just dir missing errors.

try this:

for files in os.listdir("dataset3"):
  if files=="dataset":
    fn=os.path.join("dataset3", files)
    os.system("rm -rf "+fn)

You do not need the os.path.exists() because os.listdir() already told you, that it exists.

And if your foldernames are static, you can do it with:

if os.path.exists("dataset3/dataset"):
  os.system("rm -rf dataset3/dataset")

or as:

  os.system("rm -rf dataset3/dataset")

This will do it:

for files in os.listdir('dataset3'):
     if files == 'dataset':
         os.rmdir(os.path.join(os.getcwd() + 'dataset3', files))

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