How do you create in python a file with permissions other users can write

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How can I in python (3) create a file what others users can write as well.
I’ve so far this but it changes the

os.chmod("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", 777)
with open("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", "w") as fh:
    fh.write(p1)  

what I get

—sr-S–t 1 root root 12 Apr 20 13:21 relaxbank1.txt

expected (after doing in commandline $ sudo chmod 777 relaxbank1.txt
)

-rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 12 Apr 20 13:21 relaxbank1.txt

If you don’t want to use os.chmod and prefer to have the file created with appropriate permissions, then you may use os.open to create the appropriate file descriptor and then open the descriptor:

import os
# The default umask is 0o22 which turns off write permission of group and others
os.umask(0)
with open(os.open('filepath', os.O_CREAT | os.O_WRONLY, 0o777), 'w') as fh:
  fh.write(...)

Python 2 Note:

The built-in open() in Python 2.x doesn’t support opening by file descriptor. Use os.fdopen instead; otherwise you’ll get:

TypeError: coercing to Unicode: need string or buffer, int found.

The problem is your call to open() recreates the call. Either you need to move the chmod() to after you close the file, OR change the file mode to w+.

Option1:

with open("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", "w+") as fh:
    fh.write(p1)
os.chmod("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", 0o777)

Option2:

os.chmod("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", 0o777)
with open("/home/pi/test/relaxbank1.txt", "w+") as fh:
    fh.write(p1)

Comment: Option1 is slightly better as it handles the condition where the file may not already exist (in which case the os.chmod() will throw an exception).

Similar to AXO’s idea where it’s preferable to have the file created with the correct permissions, the opener argument of open() seems quite handy for this purpose.

import os

def opener(path, flags):
    return os.open(path, flags, 0o777)

os.umask(0)  # Without this, the created file will have 0o777 - 0o022 (default umask) = 0o755 permissions
with open("myfile.txt", "w", opener=opener) as f:
    f.write("myline")

From the documentation for opener:

A custom opener can be used by passing a callable as opener. The underlying file descriptor for the file object is then obtained by calling opener with (file, flags). opener must return an open file descriptor (passing os.open as opener results in functionality similar to passing None).

This is a robust method

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import stat
import os
path="outfile.txt"
with open(path, 'w') as fh:
    fh.write('blabla\n')
st = os.stat(path)
os.chmod(path, st.st_mode | stat.S_IWOTH)

See how:

See also: Write file with specific permissions in Python


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