How do I get a list of all the duplicate items using pandas in python?

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I have a list of items that likely has some export issues. I would like to get a list of the duplicate items so I can manually compare them. When I try to use pandas duplicated method, it only returns the first duplicate. Is there a a way to get all of the duplicates and not just the first one?

A small subsection of my dataset looks like this:

ID,ENROLLMENT_DATE,TRAINER_MANAGING,TRAINER_OPERATOR,FIRST_VISIT_DATE
1536D,12-Feb-12,"06DA1B3-Lebanon NH",,15-Feb-12
F15D,18-May-12,"06405B2-Lebanon NH",,25-Jul-12
8096,8-Aug-12,"0643D38-Hanover NH","0643D38-Hanover NH",25-Jun-12
A036,1-Apr-12,"06CB8CF-Hanover NH","06CB8CF-Hanover NH",9-Aug-12
8944,19-Feb-12,"06D26AD-Hanover NH",,4-Feb-12
1004E,8-Jun-12,"06388B2-Lebanon NH",,24-Dec-11
11795,3-Jul-12,"0649597-White River VT","0649597-White River VT",30-Mar-12
30D7,11-Nov-12,"06D95A3-Hanover NH","06D95A3-Hanover NH",30-Nov-11
3AE2,21-Feb-12,"06405B2-Lebanon NH",,26-Oct-12
B0FE,17-Feb-12,"06D1B9D-Hartland VT",,16-Feb-12
127A1,11-Dec-11,"064456E-Hanover NH","064456E-Hanover NH",11-Nov-12
161FF,20-Feb-12,"0643D38-Hanover NH","0643D38-Hanover NH",3-Jul-12
A036,30-Nov-11,"063B208-Randolph VT","063B208-Randolph VT",
475B,25-Sep-12,"06D26AD-Hanover NH",,5-Nov-12
151A3,7-Mar-12,"06388B2-Lebanon NH",,16-Nov-12
CA62,3-Jan-12,,,
D31B,18-Dec-11,"06405B2-Lebanon NH",,9-Jan-12
20F5,8-Jul-12,"0669C50-Randolph VT",,3-Feb-12
8096,19-Dec-11,"0649597-White River VT","0649597-White River VT",9-Apr-12
14E48,1-Aug-12,"06D3206-Hanover NH",,
177F8,20-Aug-12,"063B208-Randolph VT","063B208-Randolph VT",5-May-12
553E,11-Oct-12,"06D95A3-Hanover NH","06D95A3-Hanover NH",8-Mar-12
12D5F,18-Jul-12,"0649597-White River VT","0649597-White River VT",2-Nov-12
C6DC,13-Apr-12,"06388B2-Lebanon NH",,
11795,27-Feb-12,"0643D38-Hanover NH","0643D38-Hanover NH",19-Jun-12
17B43,11-Aug-12,,,22-Oct-12
A036,11-Aug-12,"06D3206-Hanover NH",,19-Jun-12

My code looks like this currently:

df_bigdata_duplicates = df_bigdata[df_bigdata.duplicated(cols="ID")]

There area a couple duplicate items. But, when I use the above code, I only get the first item. In the API reference, I see how I can get the last item, but I would like to have all of them so I can visually inspect them to see why I am getting the discrepancy. So, in this example I would like to get all three A036 entries and both 11795 entries and any other duplicated entries, instead of the just first one. Any help is most appreciated.

Method #1: print all rows where the ID is one of the IDs in duplicated:

>>> import pandas as pd
>>> df = pd.read_csv("dup.csv")
>>> ids = df["ID"]
>>> df[ids.isin(ids[ids.duplicated()])].sort("ID")
       ID ENROLLMENT_DATE        TRAINER_MANAGING        TRAINER_OPERATOR FIRST_VISIT_DATE
24  11795       27-Feb-12      0643D38-Hanover NH      0643D38-Hanover NH        19-Jun-12
6   11795        3-Jul-12  0649597-White River VT  0649597-White River VT        30-Mar-12
18   8096       19-Dec-11  0649597-White River VT  0649597-White River VT         9-Apr-12
2    8096        8-Aug-12      0643D38-Hanover NH      0643D38-Hanover NH        25-Jun-12
12   A036       30-Nov-11     063B208-Randolph VT     063B208-Randolph VT              NaN
3    A036        1-Apr-12      06CB8CF-Hanover NH      06CB8CF-Hanover NH         9-Aug-12
26   A036       11-Aug-12      06D3206-Hanover NH                     NaN        19-Jun-12

but I couldn’t think of a nice way to prevent repeating ids so many times. I prefer method #2: groupby on the ID.

>>> pd.concat(g for _, g in df.groupby("ID") if len(g) > 1)
       ID ENROLLMENT_DATE        TRAINER_MANAGING        TRAINER_OPERATOR FIRST_VISIT_DATE
6   11795        3-Jul-12  0649597-White River VT  0649597-White River VT        30-Mar-12
24  11795       27-Feb-12      0643D38-Hanover NH      0643D38-Hanover NH        19-Jun-12
2    8096        8-Aug-12      0643D38-Hanover NH      0643D38-Hanover NH        25-Jun-12
18   8096       19-Dec-11  0649597-White River VT  0649597-White River VT         9-Apr-12
3    A036        1-Apr-12      06CB8CF-Hanover NH      06CB8CF-Hanover NH         9-Aug-12
12   A036       30-Nov-11     063B208-Randolph VT     063B208-Randolph VT              NaN
26   A036       11-Aug-12      06D3206-Hanover NH                     NaN        19-Jun-12

With Pandas version 0.17, you can set ‘keep = False’ in the duplicated function to get all the duplicate items.

In [1]: import pandas as pd

In [2]: df = pd.DataFrame(['a','b','c','d','a','b'])

In [3]: df
Out[3]: 
       0
    0  a
    1  b
    2  c
    3  d
    4  a
    5  b

In [4]: df[df.duplicated(keep=False)]
Out[4]: 
       0
    0  a
    1  b
    4  a
    5  b

df[df.duplicated(['ID'], keep=False)]

it’ll return all duplicated rows back to you.

According to documentation:

keep : {‘first’, ‘last’, False}, default ‘first’

  • first : Mark duplicates as True except for the first occurrence.
  • last : Mark duplicates as True except for the last occurrence.
  • False : Mark all duplicates as True.

As I am unable to comment, hence posting as a separate answer

To find duplicates on the basis of more than one column, mention every column name
as below, and it will return you all the duplicated rows set:

df[df[['product_uid', 'product_title', 'user']].duplicated() == True]

Alternatively,

df[df[['product_uid', 'product_title', 'user']].duplicated()]

df[df['ID'].duplicated() == True]

This worked for me

Using an element-wise logical or and setting the take_last argument of the pandas duplicated method to both True and False you can obtain a set from your dataframe that includes all of the duplicates.

df_bigdata_duplicates = 
    df_bigdata[df_bigdata.duplicated(cols="ID", take_last=False) |
               df_bigdata.duplicated(cols="ID", take_last=True)
              ]

sort("ID") does not seem to be working now, seems deprecated as per sort doc, so use sort_values("ID") instead to sort after duplicate filter, as following:

df[df.ID.duplicated(keep=False)].sort_values("ID")

This may not be a solution to the question, but to illustrate examples:

import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame({
    'A': [1,1,3,4],
    'B': [2,2,5,6],
    'C': [3,4,7,6],
})

print(df)
df.duplicated(keep=False)
df.duplicated(['A','B'], keep=False)

The outputs:

   A  B  C
0  1  2  3
1  1  2  4
2  3  5  7
3  4  6  6

0    False
1    False
2    False
3    False
dtype: bool

0     True
1     True
2    False
3    False
dtype: bool

For my database duplicated(keep=False) did not work until the column was sorted.

data.sort_values(by=['Order ID'], inplace=True)
df = data[data['Order ID'].duplicated(keep=False)]

You could use:

df[df.duplicated(['ID'])==True].sort_values('ID')

duplicated rows and their index loc # for all column values

def dup_rows_index(df):
  dup = df[df.duplicated()]
  print('Duplicated index loc:',dup[dup == True ].index.tolist())
  return dup


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