How do I check the operating system in Python?

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I want to check the operating system (on the computer where the script runs).

I know I can use os.system('uname -o') in Linux, but it gives me a message in the console, and I want to write to a variable.

It will be okay if the script can tell if it is Mac, Windows or Linux. How can I check it?

You can use sys.platform:

from sys import platform
if platform == "linux" or platform == "linux2":
    # linux
elif platform == "darwin":
    # OS X
elif platform == "win32":
    # Windows...

sys.platform has finer granularity than

For the valid values, consult the documentation.

See also the answer to “What OS am I running on?”

If you want to know on which platform you are on out of “Linux”, “Windows”, or “Darwin” (Mac), without more precision, you should use:

>>> import platform
>>> platform.system()
'Linux'  # or 'Windows""Darwin'

The platform.system function uses uname internally.

You can get a pretty coarse idea of the OS you’re using by checking sys.platform.

Once you have that information you can use it to determine if calling something like os.uname() is appropriate to gather more specific information. You could also use something like Python System Information on unix-like OSes, or pywin32 for Windows.

There’s also psutil if you want to do more in-depth inspection without wanting to care about the OS.

More detailed information are available in the platform module.

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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