Getting the bounding box of the recognized words using python-tesseract

Each Answer to this Q is separated by one/two green lines.

I am using python-tesseract to extract words from an image. This is a python wrapper for tesseract which is an OCR code.

I am using the following code for getting the words:

import tesseract

api = tesseract.TessBaseAPI()
api.Init(".","eng",tesseract.OEM_DEFAULT)
api.SetVariable("tessedit_char_whitelist", "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz")
api.SetPageSegMode(tesseract.PSM_AUTO)

mImgFile = "test.jpg"
mBuffer=open(mImgFile,"rb").read()
result = tesseract.ProcessPagesBuffer(mBuffer,len(mBuffer),api)
print "result(ProcessPagesBuffer)=",result

This returns only the words and not their location/size/orientation (or in other words a bounding box containing them) in the image. I was wondering if there is any way to get that as well

Use pytesseract.image_to_data()

import pytesseract
from pytesseract import Output
import cv2
img = cv2.imread('image.jpg')

d = pytesseract.image_to_data(img, output_type=Output.DICT)
n_boxes = len(d['level'])
for i in range(n_boxes):
    (x, y, w, h) = (d['left'][i], d['top'][i], d['width'][i], d['height'][i])
    cv2.rectangle(img, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), (0, 255, 0), 2)

cv2.imshow('img', img)
cv2.waitKey(0)

Among the data returned by pytesseract.image_to_data():

  • left is the distance from the upper-left corner of the bounding
    box, to the left border of the image.
  • top is the distance from the upper-left corner of the bounding box,
    to the top border of the image.
  • width and height are the width and height of the bounding box.
  • conf is the model’s confidence for the prediction for the word within that bounding box. If conf is -1, that means that the corresponding bounding box contains a block of text, rather than just a single word.

The bounding boxes returned by pytesseract.image_to_boxes() enclose letters so I believe pytesseract.image_to_data() is what you’re looking for.

tesseract.GetBoxText() method returns the exact position of each character in an array.

Besides, there is a command line option tesseract test.jpg result hocr that will generate a result.html file with each recognized word’s coordinates in it. But I’m not sure whether it can be called through python script.

Python tesseract can do this without writing to file, using the image_to_boxes function:

import cv2
import pytesseract

filename="image.png"

# read the image and get the dimensions
img = cv2.imread(filename)
h, w, _ = img.shape # assumes color image

# run tesseract, returning the bounding boxes
boxes = pytesseract.image_to_boxes(img) # also include any config options you use

# draw the bounding boxes on the image
for b in boxes.splitlines():
    b = b.split(' ')
    img = cv2.rectangle(img, (int(b[1]), h - int(b[2])), (int(b[3]), h - int(b[4])), (0, 255, 0), 2)

# show annotated image and wait for keypress
cv2.imshow(filename, img)
cv2.waitKey(0)

Using the below code you can get the bounding box corresponding to each character.

import csv
import cv2
from pytesseract import pytesseract as pt

pt.run_tesseract('bw.png', 'output', lang=None, boxes=True, config="hocr")

# To read the coordinates
boxes = []
with open('output.box', 'rb') as f:
    reader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=" ")
    for row in reader:
        if(len(row)==6):
            boxes.append(row)

# Draw the bounding box
img = cv2.imread('bw.png')
h, w, _ = img.shape
for b in boxes:
    img = cv2.rectangle(img,(int(b[1]),h-int(b[2])),(int(b[3]),h-int(b[4])),(255,0,0),2)

cv2.imshow('output',img)

To get bounding boxes over words:

import cv2
import pytesseract
img = cv2.imread('/home/gautam/Desktop/python/ocr/SEAGATE/SEAGATE-01.jpg')

from pytesseract import Output
d = pytesseract.image_to_data(img, output_type=Output.DICT)
n_boxes = len(d['level'])
for i in range(n_boxes):
    if(d['text'][i] != ""):
        (x, y, w, h) = (d['left'][i], d['top'][i], d['width'][i], d['height'][i])
        cv2.rectangle(img, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), (0, 255, 0), 2)

cv2.imwrite('result.png', img)

Would comment under lennon310 but don’t have enough reputation to comment…

To run his command line command tesseract test.jpg result hocr in a python script:

from subprocess import check_call

tesseractParams = ['tesseract', 'test.jpg', 'result', 'hocr']
check_call(tesseractParams)

Some examples are answered aove which can be used with pytesseract, however to use tesserocr python library you can use code given below to find individual word and their bounding boxes:-

    with PyTessBaseAPI(psm=6, oem=1) as api:
            level = RIL.WORD
            api.SetImageFile(imagePath)
            api.Recognize()
            ri = api.GetIterator()
            while(ri.Next(level)):
                word = ri.GetUTF8Text(level)
                boxes = ri.BoundingBox(level)
                print(word,"word")
                print(boxes,"coords")

As already mentioned, you can use pytesseract‘s image_to_boxes. You can check my Docker Hub repo https://hub.docker.com/r/milanhlinak/tesseract-image-to-boxes – a simple Flask application with Tesseract 5.0.0.


The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .