I have a directory apkmirror-scraper-compose with the following structure:

??? docker-compose.yml
??? privoxy
?   ??? config
?   ??? Dockerfile
??? scraper
?   ??? Dockerfile
?   ??? newnym.py
?   ??? requirements.txt
??? tor
    ??? Dockerfile

I’m trying to run the following docker-compose.yml:

version: '3'

    build: ./privoxy
      - "8118:8118"
      - tor

      context: ./tor
        password: ""
      - "9050:9050"
      - "9051:9051"

    build: ./scraper
      - tor
      - privoxy

where the Dockerfile for tor is

FROM alpine:latest
EXPOSE 9050 9051
ARG password
RUN apk --update add tor
RUN echo "ControlPort 9051" >> /etc/tor/torrc
RUN echo "HashedControlPassword $(tor --quiet --hash-password $password)" >> /etc/tor/torrc
CMD ["tor"]

that for privoxy is

FROM alpine:latest
RUN apk --update add privoxy
COPY config /etc/privoxy/config
CMD ["privoxy", "--no-daemon"]

where config consists of the two lines

forward-socks5 / tor:9050 .

and the Dockerfile for scraper is

FROM python:2.7-alpine
ADD . /scraper
WORKDIR /scraper
RUN pip install -r requirements.txt
CMD ["python", "newnym.py"]

where requirements.txt contains the single line requests. Finally, the program newnym.py is designed to simply test whether changing the IP address using Tor is working:

from time import sleep, time

import requests as req
import telnetlib

def get_ip():
    IPECHO_ENDPOINT = 'http://ipecho.net/plain'
    HTTP_PROXY = 'http://privoxy:8118'
    return req.get(IPECHO_ENDPOINT, proxies={'http': HTTP_PROXY}).text

def request_ip_change():
    tn = telnetlib.Telnet('tor', 9051)
    tn.read_until("Escape character is '^]'.", 2)
    tn.write('AUTHENTICATE ""\r\n')
    tn.read_until("250 OK", 2)
    tn.write("signal NEWNYM\r\n")
    tn.read_until("250 OK", 2)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    dts = []
        while True:
            ip = get_ip()
            t0 = time()
            while True:
                new_ip = get_ip()
                if new_ip == ip:
            dt = time() - t0
            print("{} -> {} in ~{}s".format(ip, new_ip, int(dt)))
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        print("Average: {}".format(sum(dts) / len(dts)))

The docker-compose build builds successfully, but if I try docker-compose up, I get the following error message:

Creating network "apkmirrorscrapercompose_default" with the default driver
ERROR: could not find an available, non-overlapping IPv4 address pool among the defaults to assign to the network

I tried searching for help on this error message, but couldn’t find any. What is causing this error?

I’ve seen it suggested docker may be at its maximum of created networks. The command docker network prune can be used to remove all networks not used by at least one container.

My issue ended up being, as Robert commented about: an issue with openvpn service openvpn stop ‘solved’ the problem.

I ran into this problem because I had OpenVPN running. As soon as I killed OpenVPN, docker-compose up fired right up, and the error disappeared.

I ran in this problem with OpenVPN working as well and I’ve found a solution where you should NOT stop/start OpenVPN server.

Idea that You should specify what exactly subnet you want to use. In docker-compose.yml write:

    driver: bridge
        - subnet:

That’s it. Now, default network will be used and if your VPN did not assign you something from 172.16.57.* subnet, you’re fine.

Following Peter Hauge‘s comment, upon running docker network ls I saw (among other lines) the following:

NETWORK ID          NAME                                    DRIVER              SCOPE
dc6a83d13f44        bridge                                  bridge              local
ea98225c7754        docker_gwbridge                         bridge              local
107dcd8aa889        host                                    host                local

The line with NAME and DRIVER as both host seems to be what he is referring to with “networks already created on your host”. So, following https://gist.github.com/bastman/5b57ddb3c11942094f8d0a97d461b430, I ran the command

docker network rm $(docker network ls | grep "bridge" | awk '/ / { print $1 }')

Now docker-compose up works (although newnym.py produces an error).

I have the same problem. I ran docker system prune -a --volumes, docker network prune, but neither helped me.

I use a VPN, I turned off the VPN and, after it docker started normal and was able to create a network. After that, you can enable VPN again.



version: '3.7'
    network_mode: bridge

Read about network_mode in the

Long version

Disclaimer: I am not very knowledgeable about Docker networking, but this did the trick for me. YMMV.

When I ran docker run my-image the networking gave me no problems, but when
I converted this command to a docker-compose.yml file, I got the same error
as the OP.

I read Arenim’s answer and
some other stuff on the internet that suggested to re-use an existing network.

You can find existing networks like this:

# docker network ls
NETWORK ID          NAME                DRIVER              SCOPE
ca0415dfa442        bridge              bridge              local
78cbbda034dd        host                host                local
709f13f4ce2d        none                null                local

I wanted to reuse the default bridge network, so I added


      name: bridge

to the the root of my docker-compose.yml (so not inside one of my
services, but at the root indentation).

I now got the following error:

ERROR: for your-container network-scoped alias is supported only for
containers in user defined networks

This led met to this Docker Github
, that plainly stated
that I should add the network_mode object to my docker-compose:

version: '3.7'
    network_mode: bridge

This was tested on Docker version 18.09.8, docker-compose version 1.24.1 and the compose file format 3.7.

As other answers mentioned, Docker’s default local bridge network only supports 30 different networks (each one of them uniquely identifiable by their name). If you are not using them, then docker network prune will do the trick.

However, you might be interested in establishing more than 30 containers, each with their own network. Were you interested in doing so then you would need to define an overlay network. This is a bit more tricky but extremely well documented here.

EDIT (May 2020): Link has become unavailable, going through the docs there’s not an exact replacement, but I would recommend starting from here.

Same error occurred while running VPN connection. Tried to create docker image with docker-compose.
Works for me to stop VPN connection for a moment and execute the command.

Killing the vpn is not needed.

This other comment about using a new network comes pretty close to the solution for me, and was working for a while, but I found a better way thanks to some talk over in another question

Create a network with:

docker network create your-network --subnet

Then, at the bottom of docker-compose.yaml, put this:

      name: your-network

Done. No need to add networks to all container definitions etc. and you can re-use the network with other docker-compose files as well if you’d like.

If you want lots of networks then you can control how much IP space docker hands out to each network via the default-address-pools deamon setting, so you could add this to your /etc/docker/daemon.json:

  "bip": "",

Here I’ve reserved (254 IP addresses) for the bridge network.

For any other network I create, docker will partition up the space (65k hosts), giving out 16 hosts at a time ("size":28 refers to the CIDR mask, for 16 hosts).

If I create a few networks and then run docker network inspect <name> on them, it might display something like this:

        "Subnet": "",
        "Gateway": ""

The means this network can use 16 ip addresses from

Answer is : docker network prune

I had an identical problem with the same error message but the solution with removal of unused docker networks didn’t help me. I’ve deleted all non-default docker networks (and all images and containers as well) but it didn’t help – docker still was not able to create a new network.

The cause of the problem was in network interfaces that were left after OpenVpn installation. (It was installed on the host previously.) I found them by running ifconfig command:

tun0  Link encap:UNSPEC  HWaddr 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00  
      inet addr:  P-t-P:  Mask:
      RX packets:75 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
      TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
      collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 
      RX bytes:84304 (84.3 KB)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

tun1  Link encap:UNSPEC  HWaddr 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00  
      inet addr:  P-t-P:  Mask:
      RX packets:200496 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
      TX packets:148828 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
      collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 
      RX bytes:211583838 (211.5 MB)  TX bytes:9568906 (9.5 MB)

I’ve found that I can remove them with a couple of commands:

ip link delete tun0
ip link delete tun1

After this the problem has disappeared.

You can try

$sudo service network-manager restart

Worked for me.

  1. Check if any other container is running, If yes, do: docker-compose down
  2. If VPN is connected, then disconnect it and try again to up docker container:

    docker-compose up -d container_name

I encoutered the same problem, the reason why is that you reached the max of networks:

do an : docker network ls
Choose one to remove using: docker network rm networkname_default

This happened to me because I was using OpenVPN. I found a way that I don’t need to stop using the VPN or manually add a network to the docker-compose file nor run any crazy script.

I switched to WireGuard instead of OpenVPN. More specifically, as I am running the nordvpn solution, I installed WireGuard and used their version of it, NordLynx.

I ran into the same problem

Creating network “schemaregistry1_default” with the default driver
ERROR: could not find an available, non-overlapping IPv4 address pool among the defaults to assign to the network

and nothing helped until I turned off the Cisco VPN.
after that docker-compose up worked

If you have a lot of networks in docker network ls you need to run docker system prune -f

Add this line to your crontab:

# cleanup docker
0 3 * * * /usr/bin/docker system prune -f;/usr/bin/docker image prune -a --filter "until=24h" -f; /usr/bin/docker volume prune -f

I ran into this issue on a corporate development VM which wasn’t running OpenVPN. Checking out etc/docker/daemon.json, I found

"default-address-pools": [
    "base": "",
    "size": 24

Strangely, removing the default-address-pools field and then restarting docker with sudo systemctl restart docker fixed the issue for me. I’m assuming this let docker choose a more suitable default, but I don’t know what the problem was with the chosen default.

I ran in this problem because of forcepoint vpn addresses.

1 – check your in use addresses using nmcli command

2 – choose a non overlapping CIDR address (x.x.x.x/xx) #google for details

3 – docker container prune #to destroy all created container

4 – docker network prune #to destroy all created networks

5 – modify (or create if not present) /etc/docker/daemon.json and add the follwing entry (changing eventually the address with your choosed one):


N.B. be careful using 173.x.x.x because it is’n a private address and may cause problem if you need to go to an external address pointing to the same ip but it is one solution when your vpn already take control of all other internal ips

6 – sudo systemctl restart docker

6.error – If the service doesn’t start it may be caused by another overlapping network.

Use journalctl -xe to see the error.

You can check again your networks using nmcli and retry.

N.B. After too many retry you may need to reset error count sudo systemctl reset-failed servicename.service

I had the same error, but in my case, it was because I had too many containers running (about 220).

I found this problem with one of enterprise network I was working with. The specific requirement was not be use the default from docker and

Private IP4 network, such as and was supposed to be used which I configured in docker daemon and it was resulting in non-overlapping issue. Changing subnet mask to /16 such as solved the issue. It clearly provided more number of hosts and thus polling easily achieved.

I fixed this issue by steps :

  1. turn off your network (wireless or wired…).

  2. reboot your system.

  3. before turning on your network on PC, execute command docker-compose up, it’s going to create new network.

  4. then you can turn network on and go on …