What is the pythonic way of writing the following code?

extensions = ['.mp3','.avi']
file_name="test.mp3"

for extension in extensions:
    if file_name.endswith(extension):
        #do stuff

I have a vague memory that the explicit declaration of the for loop can be avoided and be written in the if condition. Is this true?

Though not widely known, str.endswith also accepts a tuple. You don’t need to loop.

>>> 'test.mp3'.endswith(('.mp3', '.avi'))
True

Just use:

if file_name.endswith(tuple(extensions)):

There is two ways: regular expressions and string (str) methods.

String methods are usually faster ( ~2x ).

import re, timeit
p = re.compile('.*(.mp3|.avi)$', re.IGNORECASE)
file_name="test.mp3"
print(bool(t.match(file_name))
%timeit bool(t.match(file_name)

792 ns ± 1.83 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000000 loops each)

file_name="test.mp3"
extensions = ('.mp3','.avi')
print(file_name.lower().endswith(extensions))
%timeit file_name.lower().endswith(extensions)

274 ns ± 4.22 ns per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000000 loops each)

another way which can return the list of matching strings is

sample = "alexis has the control"
matched_strings = filter(sample.endswith, ["trol", "ol", "troll"])
print matched_strings
['trol', 'ol']

I just came across this, while looking for something else.

I would recommend to go with the methods in the os package. This is because you can make it more general, compensating for any weird case.

You can do something like:

import os

the_file="aaaa/bbbb/ccc.ddd"

extensions_list = ['ddd', 'eee', 'fff']

if os.path.splitext(the_file)[-1] in extensions_list:
    # Do your thing.

I have this:

def has_extension(filename, extension):

    ext = "." + extension
    if filename.endswith(ext):
        return True
    else:
        return False

Another possibility could be to make use of IN statement:

extensions = ['.mp3','.avi']
file_name="test.mp3"
if "." in file_name and file_name[file_name.rindex("."):] in extensions:
    print(True)